First Edition   ©2016

Scientific American Nutrition for a Changing World with 2015 Dietary Guidelines

Jamie Pope (Vanderbilt University) , Steven Nizielski (Grand Valley State University) , Alison McCook

  • ISBN-10: 1-4641-5288-8; ISBN-13: 978-1-4641-5288-7; Format: Paper Text, 512 pages

1. THE SCIENCE AND SCOPE OF NUTRITION

EATING FOR A LIFETIME

A new field in nutrition research is revealing surprising details about how food affects our genes.

  • Introducing the science of nutrition
  • Food provides nutrients and energy
  • What is malnutrition?
  • Nutrient intake recommendations
  • Nutrition science in action
  • Credible sources of nutrition information
  • Health goals for Americans
  • Assessing the North American diet

2. HEALTHY DIETS

FROM DESERTS TO OASIS
Are "food deserts" preventing millions of Americans from eating well?

  • Healthy diets feature variety, balance, adequacy, and moderation
  • Understanding the nutrient density and energy density of foods
  • Limit these: solid fats and added sugars (SoFAS)
  • The Dietary Guidelines for Americans
  • Global nutrition
  • Understanding the labeling on food
  • Future food labels

3. DIGESTIVE SYSTEM AND DIGESTIVE DISORDERS

A GUT FEELING
Is gluten really all that bad?

  • Overview of the digestive process
  • Overview of mechanical and chemical digestion
  • The role of bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract
  • Digestive disorders
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
  • Awareness of celiac disease is growing

4. CARBOHYDRATES

"WHOLE GRAIN" HYPE
Can science help us navigate the perils of the cereal aisle?

  • What are carbohydrates?
  • How grain-based foods measure up
  • Digestion of carbohydrates
  • Added sugars
  • Dental caries
  • Sugar alternatives
  • Understanding fiber
  • Carbohydrate intake recommendations 

5. NUTRITION AND DIABETES

MEDICAL MIRACLES

Nearly 100 years ago, a discovery revolutionized medicine and saved millions of children as a result.

  • What is diabetes mellitus?
  • Glucose homeostatis
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Diabetes on the rise
  • Diabetes treatment and prevention


6. LIPIDS

THE SKINNY ON FAT
How native Greenlanders with a passion for seal blubber showed the world that not all lipids are created equal.

  • Overview of the lipids
  • Lipid digestion and absorption
  • Lipoprotein transport
  • Essential fatty acids
  • Trans fats and fat substitutes
  • Current fat intake and recommendations
  • Knowledge of omega-3 fatty acids is growing

7. LIPIDS IN HEALTH AND DISEASE

DEATH IN BOGALUSA
From tragic deaths in a Southern town, insights into heart disease.

  • Atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease
  • Risk factors for cardiovascular disease
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • A heart-protective diet
  • Fat intake and health—beyond cardiovascular disease

8. PROTEIN

 HOW MUCH OF A GOOD THING DO WE NEED?
Experts consider how much protein is best for us all.

  • Recommendations for protein intake
  • Structure of protein
  • Protein synthesis
  • Digestion and absorption of proteins
  • Varied functions of protein
  • Protein turnover and nitrogen balance
  • Seniors may benefit from higher intakes of protein
  • Protein quality
  • Protein-deficiency diseases
  • High-protein diets


9. PLANT-BASED DIETS

PASS THE PLANTS, PLEASE

What does a Spanish study say about the benefits of following a Mediterranean-like diet?

  • Vegetarian and semi-vegetarian diets
  • Benefits of a diet rich in plant foods
  • How cancer develops
  • Benefits of phytochemicals
  • Nutritional considerations and concerns associated with plant-based diets
  • Plant-based and vegetarian guidelines
  • How are organic foods different from conventional foods
  • The Mediterranean diet


10. FAT-SOLUBLE VITAMINS

SOAK UP THE SUN
An ailing gorilla inspires a lifelong interest in the vitamins.

  • Introducing the vitamins
  • Bioavailability and solubility
  • Properties of fat-soluble vitamins
  • Vitamin D
  • Vitamin A
  • Vitamin E
  • Vitamin K

11. WATER-SOLUBLE VITAMINS

 IT'S NOT A GERM
Pioneering research uncovers vitamin deficiency diseases.

  • Characteristics of the water-soluble vitamins
  • The B-vitamins
  • Thiamine(B1)
  • Niacin (B3)
  • Riboflavin (B2)
  • Vitamin (B6)
  • Folate (B9)
  • Vitamin (B12)
  • Choline
  • Vitamin C


12. DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS

SUPPLEMENTS, HERBS, AND FUNCTIONAL FOODS
Surprising studies on the value of vitamin supplements.

  • What are dietary supplements?
  • Regulation of dietary supplements
  • Understanding supplement labels
  • Are dietary supplements harmful?
  • Pros and cons of herbal supplements
  • Functional foods
  • Let the buyer beware

13. MAJOR MINERALS AND WATER

POTASSIUM POWER
Eating a diet low in sodium and rich in potassium may be protective of hypertension.

  • Overview of the minerals
  • Mineral absorption and bioavailability
  • Minerals in our food
  • Calcium, magnesium and phosphorus have diverse structural roles in the body
  • Sulfur is a component of proteins.
  • Sodium, potassium and chloride maintain fluid balance in the body
  • Water
  • Water intake recommendations

14. TRACE MINERALS

 SMALL AMOUNTS WITH BIG IMPORTANCE
Is iodine deficiency a thing of the past?

  • Introducing the trace minerals
  • Iodine sources and functions
  • Iron
  • Zinc
  • Copper
  • Selenium
  • Flouride
  • Other trace minerals
  • Manganese, molybdenum, and chromium
  • Ultratrace minerals

15. ENERGY BALANCE AND OBESITY

THE SITTING DISEASE
Understand the causes and consequences of obesity.

  • Energy in, energy out
  • The biology of hunger
  • A NEAT cause of weight gain
  • Lifestyle and energy balance
  • Weight loss recommendations
  • A moratorium on the chair


16. FITNESS AND SPORTS NUTRITION

EATING TO WIN
Research suggests that when athletes eat may be just as important as what they eat.

  • Components of fitness
  • Fueling the active body
  • Measures of exercise intensity
  • Dietary carbohydrates for endurance exercise
  • U.S. gymnastic team in training
  • Female athlete triad
  • Body building
  • Hydrating the athlete
  • Sports supplements
  • Physical fitness: not just for athletes

17. NUTRITION FOR PREGNANCY, BREASTFEEDING, AND INFANCY

NOURISHING MOTHER AND BABY
New research suggests that delaying cord clamping after birth preserves iron status.

  • Changing nutritional needs
  • Energy and nutrient needs during pregnancy
  • A healthy pregnancy
  • Food safety
  • Postnatal nutrition
  • Nutrition during lactation
  • Formula feeding
  • Nutrition for the growing child
  • Iron deficiency and cord clamping

18. CHILDHOOD NUTRITION

FOOD ALLERGIES AND INTOLERANCES
As paradoxical as it might seem, could dirt and germs make children healthier for life?

  • Growth and development in childhood
  • What are children eating?
  • Nutritional recommendations for children
  • Nutrients of concern in childhood
  • Childhood obesity
  • Food allergies


19. THE COLLEGE YEARS

DETERMINANTS OF EATING BEHAVIOR, ALCOHOL, AND DISORDERED EATING

How food choices are influenced by social norms.

  • Growth, development and nutrient requirements in late adolescence
  • Calcium
  • Iron
  • Determinants of eating behavior
  • Eating challenges on campus
  • Eating disorders
  • Alcohol
  • A successful transition to college life

20. FOOD SAFETY AND SECURITY

SAFE AND PLENTIFUL FOOD
How a series of food crises transformed the U.S. food protection system.

  • A brief history of food safety in America
  • Foodborne intoxication and infection
  • Engineering food safety: HACCP and irradiation
  • Food safety and modernization act
  • Food safety in the home
  • Beyond food safety: food security

21. NUTRITION AND THE AGING ADULT 

 LIVE LONG AND PROSPER
Can you eat your way to a longer, healthier life?

  • What happens when we age?
  • Life expectancy and lifespan
  • Blue Zones
  • Energy Needs and physical activity
  • Special nutrtition concerns for older adults
  • Nutrient recommendations for seniors
  • Maintaining physical strength for a lifetime
  • Blue zones secretes