Focused on popular and professional information on ethics and directed toward classroom use, this site includes links to resources on ethical theory, applied ethics topics such as animal rights and environmental ethics, reference materials, and a discussion forum. Maintained by Lawrence M. Hinman of the University of San Diego.
Guide to Philosophy on the Internet.
A vast compilation of philosophy sites, frequently updated and carefully organized. The site has excellent sections on philosophers and topics in the field. The compiler, Peter Suber, a professor of philosophy at Earlham College, has marked recommended sites that are particularly helpful for accessing information quickly.
Hippias: Limited Area Search of Philosophy on the Internet.
A selective search engine that focuses exclusively on philosophy-oriented resources; edited by Peter Suber, creator of the comprehensive Guide to Philosophy on the Internet, above.
The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Maintains a growing collection of articles on philosophers and their works as well as articles adapted from public domain sources. Edited by James Fieser of the University of Tennessee.
The Philosophers' Web Magazine.
A commercial site maintained in England by the publishers of the Philosophers' Magazine. This interactive site features articles on philosophy written in nontechnical language on topics such as environmental ethics, current interpretations of classic texts, and philosophical approaches to issues in the news.
Philosophy in Cyberspace.
A clean, frequently updated, annotated list of sites compiled and maintained by a graduate student in philosophy. Organized into five sections — topics, texts, organizations, discussion forums, and miscellaneous — the site is notable for its selectivity and its detailed and helpful annotations.
Tel Aviv University: Philosophy Sites on the Internet.
An enormous but well-designed collection of philosophy sites, with sections on general sites as well as indexes; philosophy guides and encyclopedias; philosophers; e-texts and journals; and philosophy departments and associations. The site, maintained by Yossi Mamroud, is more notable for depth than for selectivity.
A Companion to Metaphysics. Oxford: Blackwell, 1995.
An encyclopedia covering philosophers and philosophical concepts in articles that range from one to five pages in length. Each article has a brief bibliography. Dictionary of the History of Ideas: Studies of Selected Pivotal Ideas. 4 vols. New York: Scribner's, 1973-74.
Covers topics in intellectual history, giving lengthy, scholarly coverage of important ideas, primarily Western. Articles include bibliographies. Though dated, this work can provide solid overviews of key concepts. Encyclopedia of Aesthetics. 4 vols. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.
Includes 600 substantial articles on philosophical concepts relating to art and aesthetics, including overviews of movements, major theorists, national and regional aesthetics, and subjects such as cyberspace, law and art, cultural property, politics and aesthetics, and the canon. Each article is followed by an up-to-date selective bibliography. Encyclopedia of Applied Ethics. 4 vols. San Diego: Academic Press, 1998.
Provides lengthy, scholarly discussions of the ethical aspects of current issues such as affirmative action, animal rights, and genetic screening, as well as contemporary views on theories of ethics such as humanism, hedonism, and utilitarianism. Encyclopedia of Bioethics. Rev. ed.
5 vols. New York: Macmillan, 1995.
Covers issues and controversies in bioethics in lengthy, scholarly articles, each accompanied by a current bibliography of key sources. Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 8 vols. New York: Macmillan, 1967-.
With supplement. Offers articles on movements, concepts, and philosophers. A good starting place for research, this work is both scholarly and accessible. The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy. By Simon Blackburn. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.
Offers succinct definitions of terms in philosophy, primarily Western, and biographical entries on individual philosophers. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 10 vols. New York: Routledge, 1998.
Offers extensive articles on philosophers and philosophical theories, with emphasis on developments in the past thirty years. Available in electronic format.