CBE reference list
Center the title "References" (or "Cited References") and then list the works that you have cited in the paper; do not include other works that you may have read. Double-space throughout.
Organization of the list
Number the entries in the order in which they appear in the text. If your paper contains tables or figures, you may cite them along with your text references in one numeric sequence. Or you may cite the tables and figures in a separate list, using a second numeric sequence.
Invert all authors' names. Use initials for first and middle names, with no periods after the initials and no space between them. Do not use a comma between the last name and the initials. Use all authors' names; do not use "et al."
Titles of books and articles
Capitalize only the first word in the title of a book or article (along with all proper nouns). Do not underline or italicize the titles of books; do not place titles of articles in quotation marks.
Titles of journals
Abbreviate titles of journals that consist of more than one word. Capitalize all the words or abbreviated words in the title (for example, Science, Sci Am, J Clin Psychopharmacol). Do not underline or italicize the title.
Abbreviate page ranges for articles in journals or periodicals and for chapters in edited volumes (for example, 51-3, 129-34). When an article appears on discontinuous pages, list all pages or page ranges (for example, 145-9, 162-74). Give the total number of pages for a book or an unpublished dissertation, followed by the abbreviation "p" (365 p).
The following models illustrate the CBE style for references for books. For information on other types of CBE references, choose one of the following options:
Books | Articles | Electronic sources | Other sources
Directory to CBE reference list for books
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