Leslie D. Frazier
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Ch. 3, Health Beliefs and Behaviors
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Key Themes and Innovative Features A Biopsychosocial Perspective: This text integrates the biopsychosocial perspective, building on traditional content and topics in order to aid student understanding, interest, and learning. A Developmental Perspective: The author incorporates relevant theory and empirical data on developmental influences as they pertain to health issues throughout the lifespan. For example, chapter xxx examines how adults cope with age-related transitions, including being diagnosed with a chronic illness or becoming a caregiver for a chronically ill loved one. A Global and Cross-cultural Perspective: The text introduces a global and cross-cultural perspective on health, including health disparities within the United States and around the world. Addressing Misconceptions: Students are often exposed to a wealth of misinformation from the media, family, and cultural beliefs. This text emphasizes that health psychology is a science and that its theories are grounded in science. Integrated Systems and Processes: Rather than having a separate chapter on the systems of the body, the bodily systems and physiological processes are described and explained when a heath condition is presented. In this way, physiology provides a context for better understanding, while health conditions and health psychology provide a better motivation for difficult concepts in physiology.
Well-being and Health: Health Psychology has a chapter on emotional health and well-being that will focus on quality of life, life satisfaction, and the meaning that can be derived within the context of health challenges.
Health Services and Policy: The author presents the use of health services, patient-practitioner interactions, and health policy in a single chapter. Because these topics are interrelated, the chapter offers the opportunity to bring these topics up-to-date, to outline contemporary and interactive scientific models, and to present the most relevant and important information.
Health-Enhancing and Health-Compromising Behaviors: The author devotes separate chapters for a fuller understanding of the importance of a healthy lifestyle. PEDAGOGICAL FEATURESChapter-Opening Vignettes: Each chapter opens with a vignette that connects the chapter content to a real-life experience or human-interest story. The chapter then makes explicit the issues raised that the chapter will address. Unique to this text, every chapter also returns to the stories later, briefly but more than once, to ask how they illustrate the material at hand and how that material applies. Marginal icons make it easy to locate just where the return occurs. Learning Outcomes: These appear immediately after the vignettes, also at the beginning of each chapter, to help guide students in their learning. Thinking about Health: Questions at the end of each major section encourage critical thinking. They ask students to think about what they have learned and, often, to relate it to what they have studied before and to their personal experience. Of course, these questions also facilitate immediate review. Around the World: These boxes reinforce the emphasis on a societal and cultural context. They boxes present theory, research, health crises and present cases from different parts of the world. They also use global comparisons to point to similarities and differences, including health disparities. Examples include Botswana’s battle with HIV/AIDs, the resurgence of tuberculosis, and the culture of tobacco in the Pacific Rim. In the News: These boxes add examples from current events, to show the relevance, currency, and applications of health psychology. They draw on the popular media to highlight health issues that have had a significant impact on health outcomes and our scientific understanding. Examples include the breakouts of the Norovirus on cruise ships and hospital acquired infections. Each of these boxes also ends with a further thought question. Chapter Summaries: Summaries allow students to assess their understanding of the chapter. This feature will reinforce the major points, help students in review, and allows them to get a bigger picture. Chapter Review Questions: Review questions at the end of each chapter help students assess their understanding and to process the material at a deeper level conducive to learning and remembering. These questions throughout can easily serve as a review guide for students. Key Terms and Glossary: Key terms are boldfaced in the body of the text. An end-of-book glossary allows students to rapidly look up the important terms. Infographics and Other Artwork: I use figures and tables as necessary to illustrate the results of studies and available data. Particularly valuable will be the frequent infographics. I also include photographs and, when appropriate, cartoons to help illustrate certain important points.
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