Fifth Edition   ©2016

LaunchPad for The Making of the West (Six Month Access)

Peoples and Cultures

Lynn Hunt (University of California, Los Angeles) , Thomas R. Martin (College of the Holy Cross) , Barbara H. Rosenwein (Loyola University Chicago) , Bonnie G. Smith (Rutgers University)

  • ISBN-10: 1-319-02184-0; ISBN-13: 978-1-319-02184-9; Format: LaunchPad

NOTE: LaunchPad material that does not appear in the print book – including guided reading activities, assessment tools, Mapping the West activities, individual primary documents, Seeing History, Contrasting Views, Taking Measure, Terms of History, and all of the documents from Sources of The Making of the West – has been indicated on this table of contents as shown. Each chapter in LaunchPad also comes with a wealth of additional documents, key term flashcards, map quizzes, timeline activities, and much more, all of which can be easily integrated and assigned.

Versions and Supplements
Maps and Figures
LaunchPad Features


Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
From the Stone Age to Mesopotamian Civilization, 400,000-1000 B.C.E.
Life and Change in the Stone Age
The Emergence of Cities in Mesopotamia, 4000–2350 B.C.E.
Metals and Empire Making: The Akkadians and the Ur III Dynasty, c. 2350–c. 2000 B.C.E.
The Achievements of the Assyrians, the Babylonians, and the Canaanites, 2000–1000 B.C.E.
Egypt, the First Unified Country, 3050–1000 B.C.E.
From the Unification of Egypt to the Old Kingdom, 3050–2190 B.C.E.
The Middle and New Kingdoms in Egypt, 2061–1081 B.C.E.
The Hittites, the Minoans, and the Mycenaeans, 2200–1000 B.C.E.
The Hittites, 1750–1200 B.C.E.
The Minoans, 2200–1400 B.C.E.
The Mycenaeans, 1800–1000 B.C.E.
The Violent End to Early Western Civilization, 1200–1000 B.C.E.
Mapping the West:
The Violent End to Early Western Civilization, 1200–1000 B.C.E. LaunchPad
Chapter 1 Review
LearningCurve LaunchPad
Chapter 1 Summative Quiz LaunchPad

1. LaunchPad Features for Chapter 1 LaunchPad
Document 1.1: Hammurabi’s Laws for Physicians
Document 1.2: Declaring Innocence on Judgment Day in Ancient Egypt
Seeing History:
Remembering the Dead in Ancient Egypt
CONTRASTING VIEWS: The Gains and the Losses of Life in Civilization vs. Life in Nature
TAKING MEASURE: The Rate of Population Growth to 1000 B.C.E.
Terms of History: Civilization
Documents from Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 1

1. Documents from Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 1 LaunchPad
Document 1-1 Defining Humanity: Epic of Gilgamesh (c. 2000 b.c.e.)
Document 1-2 Establishing Law and Justice: King Hammurabi, The Code of Hammurabi (Early Eighteenth Century B.C.E.)
Document 1-3 Praising the One God: Hymn to the Aten (Fourteenth Century B.C.E.)
Document 1-4 Writing Experiences: Egyptian Scribal Exercise Book (Twelfth Century B.C.E.)
Document 1-5
Allying for Peace: The "Eternal Treaty" between the Egyptians and Hittites (c. 1259 B.C.E.)
Quiz for Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 1

2. Near East Empires and the Reemergence of Civilization in Greece, 1000–500 B.C.E.
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
From Dark Age to Empire in the Near East, 1000–500 B.C.E.
The New Empire of Assyria, 900–600 B.C.E.
The Neo-Babylonian Empire, 600–539 B.C.E.
The Persian Empire, 557–500 B.C.E.
The Israelites, Origins to 539 B.C.E.
The Reemergence of Greek Civilization, 1000–750 B.C.E.
The Greek Dark Age
The Values of the Olympic Games
Homer, Hesiod, and Divine Justice in Greek Myth
The Creation of the Greek City-State, 750–500 B.C.E.
The Physical Environment of the Greek City-State
Trade and "Colonization," 800–580 B.C.E.
Citizenship and Freedom in the Greek City-State
New Directions for the Greek City-State, 750–500 B.C.E.
Oligarchy in the City-State of Sparta, 700–500 B.C.E.
Tyranny in the City-State of Corinth, 657–585 B.C.E.
Democracy in the City-State of Athens, 632–500 B.C.E.
New Ways of Thought and Expression in Greece, 630–500 B.C.E.
Mapping the West:
Mediterranean Civilizations, c. 500 B.C.E. LaunchPad
Chapter 2 Review
Chapter 2 Summative Quiz LaunchPad

2. LaunchPad Features for Chapter 2 LaunchPad
Document 2.1: Excerpt from a Gatha
Document 2.2: Zaleucus’s Law Code for a Greek City-State in Seventh-Century B.C.E. Italy
Seeing History: The Shift in Sculptural Style from Egypt to Greece
CONTRASTING VIEWS: Persians Debate Democracy, Oligarchy, and Monarchy
TAKING MEASURE: Greek Family Size and Agricultural Labor in the Archaic Age

2. Documents from Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 2 LaunchPad
Document 2-1 Empires and Divine Right: Inscription Honoring Cyrus, King of Persia (r. c. 557–530 B.C.E.)
Document 2-2 Monotheism and Mosaic Law: The Book of Exodus, Chapters 19–20 (c. Tenth–Sixth Centuries B.C.E.)
Document 2-3 The Quest for Individual Excellence (Arête): Homer, The Odyssey (Eighth Century B.C.E.)
Document 2-4 Two Visions of the City- State: Tyrtaeus of Sparta and Solon of Athens, Poems (Seventh–Sixth Centuries B.C.E.)
Document 2-5 Economics and the Expansion of Slavery: Xenophon, Revenues (Fourth Century B.C.E.)
Quiz for Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 2

3. The Greek Golden Age, c. 500–c. 400 B.C.E.
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
Wars between Persia and Greece, 499–479 B.C.E.
From the Ionian Revolt to the Battle of Marathon, 499–490 B.C.E.
The Great Persian Invasion, 480–479 B.C.E.
Athenian Confidence in the Golden Age, 478–431 B.C.E.
The Establishment of the Athenian Empire
Radical Democracy and Pericles’ Leadership, 461–431 B.C.E.
The Urban Landscape in Athens
Tradition and Innovation in Athens’s Golden Age
Religious Tradition in a Period of Change
Women, Slaves, and Metics
Innovative Ideas in Education, Philosophy, History, and Medicine
The Development of Greek Tragedy
The Development of Greek Comedy
The End of Athens’s Golden Age, 431–403 B.C.E.
The Peloponnesian War, 431–404 B.C.E.
Athens Defeated: Tyranny and Civil War, 404–403 B.C.E.
Mapping the West:
Greece, Europe, and the Mediterranean, 400 B.C.E. LaunchPad
Chapter 3 Review
Chapter 3 Summative Quiz LaunchPad

3. LaunchPad Features for Chapter 3 LaunchPad
Document 3.1: Athenian Regulations for a Rebellious Ally
Document 3.2: Sophists Argue Both Sides of a Case
SEEING HISTORY: How to Look Like a Man in Ancient Greece
CONTRASTING VIEWS: The Nature of Women and Marriage
TAKING MEASURE: Military Forces of Athens and Sparta at the Beginning of the Peloponnesian War (431 B.C.E.)

3. Documents from Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 3 LaunchPad
Document 3-1 The Golden Age of Athens: Thucydides, The Funeral Oration of Pericles (429 B.C.E.)
Document 3-2 Movement in Stone: Myron of Eleutherai, Discus Thrower (c. 450 B.C.E.)
Document 3-3 The Emergence of Philosophy: Plato, The Apology of Socrates (399 B.C.E.)
Document 3-4 The Advance of Science: Hippocrates of Cos, On the Sacred Disease (400 B.C.E.)
Document 3-5 Domestic Boundaries: Euphiletus, A Husband Speaks in His Own Defense (c. 400 B.C.E.) and Overhead Views of a House on the Slopes of the Areopagus (Fifth Century B.C.E.)
Document 3-6 Protesting War, Performing Satire: Aristophanes, Lysistrata (411 B.C.E.)
Quiz for Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 3

4. From the Classical to the Hellenistic World, 400–30 B.C.E.
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
Classical Greece after the Peloponnesian War, 400–350 B.C.E.
Athens’s Recovery after the Peloponnesian War
The Execution of Socrates, 399 B.C.E.
The Philosophy of Plato
Aristotle, Scientist and Philosopher
Greek Political Disunity
The Rise of Macedonia, 359–323 B.C.E.
Macedonian Power and Philip II, 359–336 B.C.E.
The Rule of Alexander the Great, 336–323 B.C.E.
The Hellenistic Kingdoms, 323–30 B.C.E.
Creating New Kingdoms
The Layers of Hellenistic Society
The End of the Hellenistic Kingdoms
Hellenistic Culture
The Arts under Royal Support
Philosophy for a New Age
Scientific Innovation
Cultural and Religious Transformations
Mapping the West:
Roman Takeover of the Hellenistic World, to 30 B.C.E. LaunchPad
Chapter 4 Review
Chapter 4 Summative Quiz LaunchPad

4. LaunchPad Features for Chapter 4 LaunchPad
Document 4.1: Aristotle on the Nature of the Greek Polis
Document 4.2: Epigrams by Women Poets
SEEING HISTORY: Showing Struggle and Pain in Hellenistic Sculpture
CONTRASTING VIEWS: Roman Attitudes Toward Cleopatra VII, The Last Hellenistic Queen
The March of Alexander the Great’s Army

4. Documents from Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 4
Document 4-1 The Conquest of New Lands: Arrian, The Campaigns of Alexander the Great (Fourth Century B.C.E.)
Document 4-2 Imperial Bureaucracy: Zeno, Egyptian Official, Records (259–250 B.C.E.)
Document 4-3 Everyday Life: Funerary Inscriptions and Epitaphs (Fifth–First Centuries B.C.E.)
Document 4-4 In Pursuit of Happiness: Epicurus, Letter to a Friend (Late Third Century B.C.E.)
Document 4-5 Exacting Science: Archimedes, Letter to Eratosthenes (Third Century B.C.E.) and Archimedes’s "Eureka!" Moment, Marcus Vitruvius Pollio (c. 30-20 B.C.E.)
Quiz for Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 4

5. The Rise of Rome and Its Republic, 753–44 B.C.E.
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
Roman Social and Religious Traditions
Roman Moral Values
The Patron-Client System
The Roman Family
Education for Public Life
Public and Private Religion
From Monarchy to Republic
Roman Society under the Kings, 753–509 B.C.E.
The Early Roman Republic, 509–287 B.C.E.
Roman Imperialism and Its Consequences
Expansion in Italy, 500–220 B.C.E.
Wars with Carthage and in the East, 264–121 B.C.E.
Greek Influence on Roman Literature and the Arts
Stresses on Society from Imperialism
Civil War and the Destruction of the Republic
The Gracchus Brothers and Violence in Politics, 133–121 B.C.E.
Marius and the Origin of Client Armies, 107–100 B.C.E.
Sulla and Civil War, 91–78 B.C.E.
Julius Caesar and the Collapse of the Republic, 83–44 B.C.E.
Mapping the West:
The Roman World at the End of the Republic, 44 B.C.E. LaunchPad
Chapter 5 Review
Chapter 5 Summative Quiz LaunchPad

5. LaunchPad Features for Chapter 5
Document 5.1: The Rape and Suicide of Lucretia
Document 5.2: Polybius on Roman Military Discipline
SEEING HISTORY: Visualizing the Connection between War and Religion in the Roman Republic
CONTRASTING VIEWS: What Was Julius Caesar Like?
TAKING MEASURE: Census Records during the First and Second Punic Wars

5. Documents from Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 5
Document 5-1 Formalizing Roman Law: The Twelve Tables (451–449 B.C.E.) Document 5-2 Artistic Influences: Etruscan Statuette of a Rider (c. 434–400 B.C.E.) and Roman Bust of Lucius Junius Brutus (c. 300 B.C.E.)
Document 5-3 Status and Discrimination: Roman Women Demonstrate against the Oppian Law (195 B.C.E.)
Document 5-4 "Cultivating Justice and Piety": Cicero, On the Commonwealth (54 B.C.E.)
Document 5-5 Failure and Factionalism: The Gracchan Reforms (133 B.C.E.)
Document 5-6 Toward Empire: Julius Caesar, The Gallic War (52 B.C.E.)
Quiz for Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 5

6. The Creation of the Roman Empire, 44 B.C.E.–284 C.E.
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
From Republic to Empire, 44 B.C.E.–14 C.E.
Civil War, 44–27 B.C.E.
The Creation of the Principate, 27 B.C.E.–14 C.E.
Daily Life in the Rome of Augustus
Changes in Education, Literature, and Art in Augustus’s Rome
Politics and Society in the Early Roman Empire
The Perpetuation of the Principate after Augustus, 14–180 C.E.
Life in the Roman Golden Age, 96–180 C.E.
The Emergence of Christianity in the Early Roman Empire
Jesus and His Teachings
Growth of a New Religion
Competing Religious Beliefs
From Stability to Crisis in the Third Century C.E.
Threats to the Northern and Eastern Frontiers of the Early Roman Empire
Uncontrolled Spending, Natural Disasters, and Political Crisis, 193–284 C.E.
Mapping the West:
The Roman Empire in Crisis, 284 C.E. LaunchPad
Chapter 6 Review
Chapter 6 Summative Quiz LaunchPad

6. LaunchPad Features for Chapter 6 LaunchPad
Document 6.1: Augustus, Res Gestae (My Accomplishments)
Document 6.2: The Scene at a Roman Bath
Document 6.3: A Roman Stoic Philosopher on the Capabilities of Women
The Symbolism of Augustus as Ruler of the World
CONTRASTING VIEWS: Christians in the Empire: Conspirators or Faithful Subjects?
TAKING MEASURE: The Value of Roman Imperial Coinage, 27 B.C.E.–300 C.E.

6. Documents from Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 6
Document 6-1 An Empire Foretold: Virgil, The Aeneid (First Century B.C.E.)
Document 6-2 An Urban Empire: Notices and Graffiti Describe Life in Pompeii (First Century C.E.)
Document 6-3 New Influences to the North: Tacitus, Germania (c. 98 C.E.)
4. Document 6-4 The Making of a New Religion: Paul of Tarsus, Letter to the Galatians (First Century C.E.)
Document 6-5 The Cult of Isis: Apulieus, The Golden Ass (c. 170 C.E.)
Quiz for Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 6

7. The Transformation of the Roman Empire, 284–600 C.E.
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
From Principate to Dominate in the Late Roman Empire, 284–395
The Political Transformation and Division of the Roman Empire
The Social Consequences of Financial Pressures
From the Great Persecution to Religious Freedom
The Official Christianization of the Empire, 312–c. 540
Polytheism and Christianity in Competition
The Struggle for Clarification in Christian Belief
The Emergence of Christian Monks
Non-Roman Kingdoms in the Western Roman Empire, c. 370–550s
Non-Roman Migrations into the Western Roman Empire
Social and Cultural Transformation in the Western Roman Empire
The Roman Empire in the East, c. 500–565
Imperial Society in the Eastern Roman Empire
The Reign of Emperor Justinian, 527–565
The Preservation of Classical Traditions in the Late Roman Empire
Mapping the West:
Western Europe and the Eastern Roman (or Byzantine) Empire, c. 600 LaunchPad
Chapter 7 Review
Chapter 7 Summative Quiz LaunchPad

7. LaunchPad Features for Chapter 7
Document 7.1: Diocletian’s Edict on Maximum Prices and Wages
Document 7.2: The Edict of Milan on Religious Freedom
SEEING HISTORY: Changing Religious Beliefs: Pagan and Christian Sarcophagi
CONTRASTING VIEWS: Debate: Did Romans or Huns Better Protect Life, Law, and Freedom?
TAKING MEASURE: Peasants’ Use of Farm Produce in the Roman Empire

7. Documents from Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 7
Document 7-1 The Establishment of Roman Christian Doctrine: Arius, Letter to Alexander, Bishop of Alexandria (c. 320 C.E.) and The Nicene Creed (325 C.E.)
Document 7-2 The Struggle of Conversion: Augustine of Hippo, Confessions (c. 397)
Document 7-3 The Development of Monasticism: Benedict of Nursia, The Rule of Saint Benedict (c. 540)
Document 7-4 Germanic Law in the Roman Empire: The Burgundian Code (c. 475–525 C.E.)
Document 7-5 Emergence of Byzantium: Procopius, Secret History (550 C.E.)
Quiz for Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 7

8. The Heirs of Rome: Islam, Byzantium, and Europe, 600–750
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
Islam: A New Religion and a New Empire
Nomads and City Dwellers
The Prophet Muhammad and the Faith of Islam
Growth of Islam, c. 610–632
The Caliphs, Muhammad’s Successors, 632–750
Peace and Prosperity in Islamic Lands
Byzantium Besieged
Wars on the Frontiers, c. 570–750
From an Urban to a Rural Way of Life
New Military and Cultural Forms
Religion, Politics, and Iconoclasm
Western Europe: A Medley of Kingdoms
Frankish Kingdoms with Roman Roots
Economic Activity in a Peasant Society
The Powerful in Merovingian Society
Christianity and Classical Culture in the British Isles
Unity in Spain, Division in Italy
Political Tensions and the Power of the Pope
Mapping The West:
Rome’s Heirs, c. 750 LaunchPad
Chapter 8 Review
Chapter 8 Summative Quiz LaunchPad

8. LaunchPad Features for Chapter 8 LaunchPad
Document 8.1: The Fatihah of the Qur’an
Document 8.2: The Pact of Umar
SEEING HISTORY: Who Conquered Whom? A Persian and an Arabic Coin Compared
CONTRASTING VIEWS: Icons: Idols or Aids to Worship
TAKING MEASURE: Papal Letters Sent from Rome to Northern Europe, c. 600–c. 700
Terms of History: Medieval

8. Documents from Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 8
Document 8-1 The Foundations of Islam: Qur’an, Suras 1, 53, 98 (c. 610–632)
Document 8-2 Jihad and Jizya: Islamic Terms of Peace (633–643)
Document 8-3 Byzantine Life: The Life of St. Theodore of Sykeon (Early Seventh Century)
Document 8-4 A Noblewoman’s Life: The Life of Lady Balthild, Queen of the Franks (Late Seventh Century)
Document 8-5 Roman Christian Missions: Pope Gregory the Great, Letters (598–601)
Quiz for Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 8

9. From Centralization to Fragmentation, 750–1050
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
The Byzantine Emperor and Local Elites
Imperial Power
The Macedonian Renaissance, c. 870–c. 1025
The Dynatoi: A New Landowning Elite
The Formation of Eastern Europe and Kievan Rus
The Rise and Fall of the Abbasid Caliphate
The Abbasid Caliphate, 750–936
Regional Diversity in Islamic Lands
Unity of Commerce and Language
The Islamic Renaissance, c. 790–c. 1050
The Carolingian Empire
The Rise of the Carolingians
Charlemagne and His Kingdom, 768–814
The Carolingian Renaissance, c. 790–c. 900
Land and Power
Viking, Muslim, and Magyar Invasions, c. 790–955
After the Carolingians: The Emergence of Local Rule
Public Power and Private Relationships
Warriors and Warfare
Efforts to Contain Violence
Political Communities in Italy, England, and France
Emperors and Kings in Central and Eastern Europe
Mapping the West
: Europe and the Mediterranean, c. 1050 LaunchPad
Chapter 9 Review
Chapter 9 Summative Quiz LaunchPad

9. LaunchPad Features for Chapter 9 LaunchPad
Document 9.1: A Portrait of Basil II
Document 9.2: When She Approached
SEEING HISTORY: The Many Styles of the Macedonian Renaissance
CONTRASTING VIEWS: Charlemagne: Roman Emperor, Father of Europe, or the Chief Bishop?
TAKING MEASURE: Sellers, Buyers, and Donors, 800–1000
Terms of History: Feudalism

9. Documents from Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 9
Document 9-1 The Rule of Charlemagne: General Capitulary for the Missi (802)
Document 9-2 Resistance from Constantinople: Liutprand of Cremona, Report to Otto I (968)
Document 9-3 The Macedonian Renaissance: Harbaville Triptych (c. 950)
Document 9-4 A New Islamic Dynasty: Ahmad al- Ya‘qu¯bı¯, Kita¯b al- buldan (Ninth Century)
Document 9-5 Advances in Medicine: Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Zakarıyu Al- razi, A Treatise on the Small-Pox and Measles (c. 910)
Document 9-6 The Faithful Vassal: Fulbert of Chartres, Letter to William of Aquitaine (1020)
Quiz for Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 9

10. Commercial Quickening and Religious Reform, 1050–1150
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
The Commercial Revolution
Fairs, Towns, and Cities
Organizing Crafts and Commerce
Communes: Self-Government for the Towns
The Commercial Revolution in the Countryside
Church Reform
Beginnings of Reform
The Gregorian Reform and the Investiture Conflict, 1075–1122
The Sweep of Reform
New Monastic Orders of Poverty
The Crusades
Calling the Crusade
The First Crusade
The Crusader States
The Disastrous Second Crusade
The Long-Term Impact of the Crusades
The Revival of Monarchies
Reconstructing the Empire at Byzantium
England under Norman Rule
Praising the King of France
Surviving as Emperor
Mapping the West
: Europe and the Mediterranean, c. 1150 LaunchPad
Chapter 10 Review
Chapter 10 Summative Quiz LaunchPad

10. LaunchPad Features for Chapter 10 LaunchPad
Document 10.1: Peppercorns as Money
Document 10.2: Opposition to the Norman Conquest
SEEING HISTORY: Two Faces of Monasticism
TAKING MEASURE: English Livestock in 1086

10. Documents from Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 10
Document 10-1 Medieval Business: Commenda Contracts (Eleventh-Twelfth Centuries)
Document 10-2 Sources of the Investiture Conflict: Emperor Henry IV and Pope Gregory VII, Letter and Excommunication (1076)
Document 10-3 Calling the First Crusade: Fulcher of Chartres, Pope Urban II’s Speech at Clermont (1095)
Document 10-4 Arab Response to the First Crusade: Ibn al- Athı¯r, A Muslim Perspective (1097–1099)
Document 10-5 The Power of William I: The Anglo- Saxon Chronicle (1085–1086) and Domesday Book (1086-1087)
Quiz for Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 10

11. The Flowering of the Middle Ages, 1150–1215
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
New Schools and Churches
The New Learning and the Rise of the University
Architectural Style: From Romanesque to Gothic
Governments as Institutions
England: Unity through Common Law
France: Consolidation and Conquest
Germany: The Revived Monarchy of Frederick Barbarossa
Eastern Europe and Byzantium: Fragmenting Realms
The Growth of a Vernacular High Culture
The Troubadours: Poets of Love and Play
The Birth of Epic and Romance Literature
Religious Fervor and Crusade
New Religious Orders in the Cities
Disastrous Crusades to the Holy Land
Victorious Crusades in Europe and on Its Frontiers
Mapping the West:
Europe and Byzantium, c. 1215 LaunchPad
Chapter 11 Review
Chapter 11 Summative Quiz LaunchPad

11. LaunchPad Features for Chapter 11 LaunchPad
Document 11.1: Frederick I’s Reply to the Romans
Document 11.2: Bertran de Born, "I love the joyful time of Easter"
Document 11.3: A Byzantine View of the Fourth Crusade
SEEING HISTORY: Romanesque versus Gothic: The View Down the Nave
Magna Carta
TAKING MEASURE: The Bureaucratization of the French Monarchy

11. Documents from Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 11
Document 11-1 New Learning: Peter Abelard, The Story of My Misfortunes (c. 1132)
Document 11-2 Scholarly Pursuits and Youthful Frolics: Medieval University Life (Twelfth–Early Thirteenth Centuries)
Document 11-3 Courtly Love: Chrétien de Troyes, Lancelot: The Knight of the Cart (c. 1170s)
Document 11-4 Franciscan Piety: St. Francis and St. Clare of Assisi, Selected Writings (Thirteenth Century)
Document 11-5 The Sack of Constantinople: Annals of Niketas Choniate¯s (1204)
Quiz for Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 11

12. The Medieval Synthesis—and Its Cracks, 1215–1340
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
The Church’s Mission
Innocent III and the Fourth Lateran Council
The Inquisition
Lay Piety
Jews and Lepers as Outcasts
Reconciling This World and the Next
The Achievement of Scholasticism
New Syntheses in Writing and Music
Gothic Art
The Politics of Control
The Weakening of the Empire
Louis IX and a New Ideal of Kingship
The Birth of Representative Institutions
The Weakening of the Papacy
The Rise of the Signori
The Mongol Takeover
The Great Famine
Mapping the West:
Europe, c. 1340 LaunchPad
Chapter 12 Review
Chapter 12 Summative Quiz LaunchPad

12. LaunchPad Features for Chapter 12 LaunchPad
Document 12.1: Thomas Aquinas Writes about Sex
Document 12.2: The Debate between Reason and the Lover
SEEING HISTORY: The Agony and the Ecstasy
CONTRASTING VIEWS: The Mongols: Instruments of God or Cruel Invaders?
TAKING MEASURE: Grain Prices during the Great Famine

12. Documents from Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 12
Document 12-1 Reconciling Faith and Reason: Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologiae (1273)
Document 12-2 A Female Mystic: Hadewijch of Brabant, Letters and Poems (1220–1240)
Document 12-3 Defining Outsiders: Thomas of Monmouth, The Life and Martyrdom of St. William of Norwich (c. 1173)
Document 12-4 Imagining Hell: Dante Alighieri, Divine Comedy (1313–1321)
Document 12-5 The New Power of Medieval States: Boniface VIII¸ Unam Sanctam (1302) and King Philip IV of France, General Assembly of Paris (1303)
Quiz for Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 12

13. Crisis and Renaissance, 1340–1492
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
Crisis: Disease, War, and Schism
The Black Death, 1347–1352
The Hundred Years’ War, 1337–1453
The Ottoman Conquest of Constantinople, 1453
The Great Schism, 1378–1417
The Renaissance: New Forms of Thought and Expression
Renaissance Humanism
The Arts
Consolidating Power
New Political Formations in Eastern Europe
Powerful States in Western Europe
Power in the Republics
The Tools of Power
Mapping the West:
Europe, c. 1492 LaunchPad
Chapter 13 Review
Chapter 13 Summative Quiz LaunchPad

13. LaunchPad Features for Chapter 13 LaunchPad
Document 13.1: Wat Tyler’s Rebellion (1381)
Document 13.2: The Ducal Entry into Ghent (1458)
SEEING HISTORY: Façades from Gothic to Renaissance
CONTRASTING VIEWS: Joan of Arc: Who Was "the Maid"?
TAKING MEASURE: Population Losses and the Black Death
Terms of History: Renaissance

13. Documents from Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 13
Document 13-1 Demographic Catastrophe: The Black Death (Fourteenth Century)
Document 13-2 Crisis and Change: Thomas Walsingham: Peasant Rebels in London (1381)
Document 13-3 Satirizing the Church: Geoffrey Chaucer, The Pardoner’s Prologue (1387–1400)
Document 13-4 Preaching Reform: Jan Hus, Letters (1408-1415)
Document 13-5 Extolling Humanism: Giovanni Rucellai and Leonardo Bruni, Florence in the Quattrocento (1427 and 1457)
Document 13-6 Women’s Place in Renaissance Italy: Alessandra, Letters from a Widow and Matriarch of a Great Family (1450–1465)
Quiz for Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 13

14. Global Encounters and the Shock of the Reformation, 1492–1560
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
The Discovery of New Worlds
Portuguese Explorations
The Voyages of Columbus
A New Era in Slavery
Conquering the New World
The Columbian Exchange
The Protestant Reformation
The Invention of Printing
Popular Piety and Christian Humanism
Martin Luther’s Challenge
Protestantism Spreads and Divides
The Contested Church of England
Reshaping Society through Religion
Protestant Challenges to the Social Order
New Forms of Discipline
Catholic Renewal
Striving for Mastery
Courtiers and Princes
Dynastic Wars
Financing War
Divided Realms
Mapping the West:
Reformation Europe, c. 1560 LaunchPad
Chapter 14 Review
Chapter 14 Summative Quiz LaunchPad

14. LaunchPad Features for Chapter 14 LaunchPad
Document 14.1: Columbus Describes His First Voyage (1493)
Document 14.2: Ordinances for Calvinist Churches (1547)
SEEING HISTORY: Expanding Geographic Knowledge: World Maps in an Age of Exploration
Martin Luther: Holy Man or Heretic?
TAKING MEASURE: The Printing Press in Europe ca. 1500

14. Documents from Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 14 LaunchPad
Document 14-1 Worlds Collide: Bernal Díaz del Castillo, The True History of the Conquest of New Spain (c. 1567)
Document 14-2 Illustrating a Native Perspective: Lienzo de Tlaxcala (c. 1560)
Document 14-3 Defending Native Humanity: Bartolomé de Las Casas, In Defense of the Indians (c. 1548–1550)
Document 14-4 Scripture and Salvation: Martin Luther, Freedom of a Christian (1520)
Document 14-5 Reforming Christianity: John Calvin, Articles Concerning Predestination (c. 1560) and The Necessity of Reforming the Church (1543)
Document 14-6 Responding to Reformation: St. Ignatius of Loyola, A New Kind of Catholicism (1546, 1549, 1553)
Quiz for Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 14

15. Wars of Religion and the Clash of Worldviews, 1560–1648
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
Religious Conflicts Threaten State Power, 1560–1618
French Wars of Religion, 1562–1598
Dutch Revolt against Spain
Elizabeth I’s Defense of English Protestantism
The Clash of Faiths and Empires in Eastern Europe
The Thirty Years’ War, 1618–1648
Origins and Course of the War
The Effects of Constant Fighting
The Peace of Westphalia, 1648
Economic Crisis and Realignment
From Growth to Recession
Consequences for Daily Life
The Economic Balance of Power
The Rise of Science and a Scientific Worldview
The Scientific Revolution
The Natural Laws of Politics
The Arts in an Age of Crisis
Magic and Witchcraft
Mapping the West:
The Religious Divisions of Europe, c. 1648 LaunchPad
Chapter 15 Review
Chapter 15 Summative Quiz LaunchPad

15. LaunchPad Features for Chapter 15 LaunchPad
Document 15.1: The Horrors of the Thirty Years’ War, 1626
Document 15.2: Sentence Pronounced against Galileo (1633)
SEEING HISTORY: Religious Differences in Painting of the Baroque Period: Rubens and Rembrandt
CONTRASTING VIEWS: Political Authority and Religion: What Happened When Subjects Held Different Beliefs?
TAKING MEASURE: Precious Metals and the Spanish Colonies, 1550–1800

15. Documents from Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 15
Document 15-1 Legislating Tolerance: Henry IV, Edict of Nantes (1598)
Document 15-2 Barbarians All: Michel de Montaigne, Of Cannibals (1580s)
Document 15-3 Defending Religious Liberty: Apology of the Bohemian Estates (May 25, 1618)
Document 15-4 The Scientific Challenge: Galileo, Letter to the Grand Duchess Christina (1615)
Document 15-5 The Persecution of Witches: The Trial of Suzanne Gaudry (1652)
Quiz for Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 15

16. Absolutism, Constitutionalism, and the Search for Order, 1640–1700
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
Louis XIV: Absolutism and Its Limits
The Fronde, 1648–1653
Court Culture as an Element of Absolutism
Enforcing Religious Orthodoxy
Extending State Authority at Home and Abroad
Constitutionalism in England
England Turned Upside Down, 1642–1660
Restoration and Revolution Again
Social Contract Theory: Hobbes and Locke
Outposts of Constitutionalism
The Dutch Republic
Freedom and Slavery in the New World
Absolutism in Central and Eastern Europe
Poland-Lithuania Overwhelmed
Brandenburg-Prussia: Militaristic Absolutism
An Uneasy Balance: Austrian Habsburgs and Ottoman Turks
Russia: Setting the Foundations of Bureaucratic Absolutism
The Search for Order in Elite and Popular Culture
Freedom and Constraint in the Arts and Sciences
Women and Manners
Reforming Popular Culture
Mapping the West:
Europe at the End of the Seventeenth Century LaunchPad
Chapter 16 Review
Chapter 16 Summative Quiz LaunchPad

16. LaunchPad Features for Chapter 16 LaunchPad
Document 16.1: Marie de Sévigné, Letter Describing the French Court (1675)
Document 16.2: John Milton, Defense of Freedom of the Press (1644)
SEEING HISTORY: Symbols and Power in the Age of Louis XIV
CONTRASTING VIEWS: The English Civil War
TAKING MEASURE: The Seventeenth-Century Army

16. Documents from Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 16
Document 16-1 Mercantilism in the Colonies: Instructions from Jean-Baptiste Colbert (1667, 1668) and a Royal Ordinance (1669)
Document 16-2 Regime Change: The Trial of Charles I (January 1649)
Document 16-3 Civil War and Social Contract: Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan (1651)
Document 16-4 The Consent of the Governed: John Locke, The Second Treatise of Government (1690)
Document 16-5 Opposing Serfdom: Ludwig Fabritius, The Revolt of Stenka Razin (1670)
Quiz for Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 16

17. The Atlantic System and Its Consequences, 1700–1750
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
The Atlantic System and the World Economy
Slavery and the Atlantic System
World Trade and Settlement
The Birth of Consumer Society
New Social and Cultural Patterns
Agricultural Revolution
Social Life in the Cities
New Tastes in the Arts
Religious Revivals
Consolidation of the European State System
A New Power Alignment
British Rise and Dutch Decline
Russia’s Emergence as a European Power
Continuing Dynastic Struggles
The Power of Diplomacy and the Importance of Population
The Birth of the Enlightenment
Popularization of Science and Challenges to Religion
Travel Literature and the Challenge to Custom and Tradition
Raising the Woman Question
Mapping the West:
Europe in 1750 LaunchPad
Chapter 17 Review
Chapter 17 Summative Quiz LaunchPad

17. LaunchPad Features for Chapter 17 LaunchPad
Document 17.1: European Views of Indian Religious Practices (1731)
Document 17.2: Montesquieu, Persian Letters: Letter 37 (1721)
SEEING HISTORY: The "Invisibility" of Slavery
CONTRASTING VIEWS: The Consumer Revolution
Relationship of Crop Harvested to Seed Used, 1400–1800
Terms of History: Progress

17. Documents from Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 17 LaunchPad
Document 17-1 Captivity and Enslavement: Olaudah Equiano, The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano Written by Himself (1789)
Document 17-2 A "Sober and Wholesome Drink": A Brief Description of the Excellent Vertues of That Sober and Wholesome Drink, Called Coffee (1674)
Document 17-3 Westernizing Russian Culture: Peter I, Decrees and Statutes (1701-1723)
Document 17-4 Early Enlightenment: Voltaire, Letters Concerning the English Nation (1733)
Document 17-5 Questioning Women’s Submission: Mary Astell, Reflections upon Marriage (1706)
Quiz for Source of The Making of the West, Chapter 17

18. The Promise of Enlightenment, 1750–1789
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
The Enlightenment at Its Height
Men and Women of the Republic of Letters
Conflicts with Church and State
The Individual and Society
Spreading the Enlightenment
The Limits of Reason: Roots of Romanticism and Religious Revival
Society and Culture in an Age of Enlightenment
The Nobility’s Reassertion of Privilege
The Middle Class and the Making of a New Elite
Life on the Margins
State Power in an Era of Reform
War and Diplomacy
State-Sponsored Reform
Limits of Reform
Rebellions against State Power
Food Riots and Peasant Uprisings
Public Opinion and Political Opposition
Revolution in North America
Mapping the West:
Europe and the World, c. 1780 LaunchPad
Chapter 18 Review
Chapter 18 Summative Quiz LaunchPad

18. LaunchPad Features for Chapter 18 LaunchPad
Document 18.1: Denis Diderot, "Encyclopedia" (1755)
Document 18.2: Thomas Jefferson, Declaration of Independence (July 4, 1776)
SEEING HISTORY: Pottery and Social Distinction: Josiah Wedgwood’s "China"
CONTRASTING VIEWS: Women and the Enlightenment
TAKING MEASURE: European Urbanization, 1750–1800
Terms of History: Enlightenment

18. Documents from Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 18
Document 18-1 Rethinking Modern Civilization: Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Discourse on the Origin and Foundations of Inequality among Men (1753)
Document 18-2 An Enlightened Worker: Jacques-Louis Ménétra, Journal of My Life (1764–1802)
Document 18-3 Reforming the Law: Cesare Beccaria, On Crimes and Punishments (1764)
Document 18-4 Reforming Commerce: Adam Smith, An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (1776)
Document 18-5 Enlightened Monarchy: Frederick II, Political Testament (1752)
Quiz for Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 18

19. The Cataclysm of Revolution, 1789–1799
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
The Revolutionary Wave, 1787–1789
Protesters in the Low Countries and Poland
Origins of the French Revolution, 1787–1789
From Monarchy to Republic, 1789–1793
The Revolution of Rights and Reason
The End of Monarchy
Terror and Resistance
Robespierre and the Committee of Public Safety
The Republic of Virtue, 1793–1794
Resisting the Revolution
The Fall of Robespierre and the End of the Terror
Revolution on the March
Arms and Conquests
Poland Extinguished, 1793–1795
Revolution in the Colonies
Worldwide Reactions to Revolutionary Change
Mapping the West:
Europe in 1799 LaunchPad
Chapter 19 Review
Chapter 19 Summative Quiz LaunchPad

19. LaunchPad Features for Chapter 19 LaunchPad
Document 19.1: The Rights of Minorities (1789)
Document 19.2: Address on Abolishing the Slave Trade (February 5, 1790)
SEEING HISTORY: The Cutting Edge of Caricature
CONTRASTING VIEWS: Perspectives on the French Revolution
Terms of History: Revolution

19. Documents from Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 19 LaunchPad
Document 19-1 Defining the Nation: Abbé Sieyès, What Is the Third Estate? (1789)
Document 19-2 The People under the Old Regime: Political Cartoon (1815)
Document 19-3 Establishing Rights: National Assembly, The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen (1789)
Document 19-4 A Call for Women’s Inclusion: Olympe de Gouges, Declaration of the Rights of Woman (1791)
Document 19-5 Defending Terror: Maximilien Robespierre, Report on the Principles of Political Morality (1794)
Document 19-6 Liberty for All?: Decree of General Liberty (August 29, 1793) and Bramante Lazzary, General Call to Local Insurgents (August 30, 1793)
Quiz for Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 19

20. Napoleon and the Revolutionary Legacy, 1800–1830
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
The Rise of Napoleon Bonaparte
A General Takes Over
From Republic to Empire
The New Paternalism: The Civil Code
Patronage of Science and Intellectual Life
"Europe Was at My Feet": Napoleon’s Conquests
The Grand Army and Its Victories, 1800–1807
The Impact of French Victories
From Russian Winter to Final Defeat, 1812–1815
The "Restoration" of Europe
The Congress of Vienna, 1814–1815
The Emergence of Conservatism
The Revival of Religion
Challenges to the Conservative Order
Political Revolts in the 1820s
Revolution and Reform, 1830–1832
Mapping the West:
Europe in 1830 LaunchPad
Chapter 20 Review
Chapter 20 Summative Quiz LaunchPad

20. LaunchPad Features for Chapter 20 LaunchPad
Document 20.1: Napoleon’s Army Retreats from Moscow (1812)
Document 20.2: Wordsworth’s Poetry (1798)
SEEING HISTORY: The Clothing Revolution: The Social Meaning of Changes in Postrevolutionary Fashion
CONTRASTING VIEWS: Napoleon: For and Against
TAKING MEASURE: Power Capability of the Leading States, 1816-1830

20. Documents from Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 20
Document 20-1 Napoleon in Egypt: The Chronicle of Abd al-Rahmanal-Jabarti (1798)
Document 20-2 The Conservative Order: Prince Klemens von Metternich, Results of the Congress at Laybach (1821) Document 20-3 Challenge to Autocracy: Peter Kakhovsky, The Decembrist Insurrection in Russia (1825) Document 20-4 The Romantic Imagination: William Wordsworth, Preface to Lyrical Ballads (1800)
Document 20-5 Musical Romanticism: Reviews of Beethoven’s Works (1799, 1812)
Quiz for Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 20

21. Industrialization and Social Ferment, 1830–1850
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
The Industrial Revolution
Roots of Industrialization
Engines of Change
Urbanization and Its Consequences
Agricultural Perils and Prosperity
Reforming the Social Order
Cultural Responses to the Social Question
The Varieties of Social Reform
Abuses and Reforms Overseas
Ideologies and Political Movements
The Spell of Nationalism
Liberalism in Economics and Politics
Socialism and the Early Labor Movement
The Revolutions of 1848
The Hungry Forties
Another French Revolution
Nationalist Revolution in Italy
Revolt and Reaction in Central Europe
Aftermath to 1848: Reimposing Authority
Mapping the West:
Europe in 1850 LaunchPad
Chapter 21 Review
Chapter 21 Summative Quiz LaunchPad

21. LaunchPad Features for Chapter 21 LaunchPad
Document 21.1: Marx and Engels, The Communist Manifesto (1848)
Document 21.2: Alexis de Tocqueville Describes the June Days in Paris (1848)
SEEING HISTORY: Visualizing Class Differences
CONTRASTING VIEWS: The Effects of Industrialization
TAKING MEASURE: Railroad Lines, 1830–1850

21. Documents from Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 21
Document 21-1 Establishing New Work Habits: Factory Rules in Berlin (1844)
Document 21-2 New Rules for the Middle Class: Sarah Stickney Ellis, Characteristics of the Women of England (1839)
Document 21-3 The Division of Labor: Testimony Gathered by Ashley’s Mines Commission (1842) and Punch Magazine, "Capital and Labour" (1843)
Document 21-4 What Is the Proletariat?: Friedrich Engels, Draft of a Communist Confession of Faith (1847)
Document 21-5 Demanding Political Freedom: Address by the Hungarian Parliament (March 14, 1848) and Demands of the Hungarian People (March 15, 1848)
Document 21-6 Imperialism and Opium: Commissioner Lin, Letter to Queen Victoria (1839)
Quiz for Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 21

22. Politics and Culture of the Nation-State, 1850–1870
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
The End of the Concert of Europe
Napoleon III and the Quest for French Glory
The Crimean War, 1853–1856: Turning Point in European Affairs
Reform in Russia
War and Nation Building
Cavour, Garibaldi, and the Process of Italian Unification
Bismarck and the Realpolitik of German Unification
Francis Joseph and the Creation of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy
Political Stability through Gradual Reform in Great Britain
Nation Building in North America
Nation Building through Social Order
Bringing Order to the Cities
Expanding Government Bureaucracy
Schooling and Professionalizing Society
Spreading National Power and Order beyond the West
Contesting the Nation-State’s Order at Home
The Culture of Social Order
The Arts Confront Social Reality
Religion and National Order
From the Natural Sciences to Social Science
Mapping the West:
Europe and the Mediterranean, 1871 LaunchPad
Chapter 22 Review
Chapter 22 Summative Quiz

22. LaunchPad Features for Chapter 22
Document 22.1: Mrs. Seacole: The Other Florence Nightingale
Document 22.2: Education of a Mathematical Genius in Russia
Document 22.3: Bismarck Tricks the Public to Get His War
SEEING HISTORY: Photographing the Nation: Domesticity and War
The Nation-State in the Mid-Nineteenth Century
TAKING MEASURE: Literacy and Illiteracy in the Nineteenth Century
Terms of History: Nationalism

22. Documents from Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 22
Document 22-1 Ending Serfdom in Russia: Peter Kropótkin, Memoirs of a Revolutionist (1861)
Document 22-2 Fighting for Italian Nationalism: Camillo di Cavour, Letter to King Victor Emmanuel (July 24, 1858)
Document 22-3 Realpolitik and Otto von Bismarck: Rudolf von Ihering, Two Letters (1866)
Document 22-4 Social Evolution: Herbert Spencer, Progress: Its Law and Cause (1857)
Document 22-5 The Science of Man: Charles Darwin, The Descent of Man (1871)
Quiz for Sources of The Making of the West

23. Empire, Industry, and Everyday Life, 1870–1890
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
The New Imperialism
The Scramble for Africa — North and South
Acquiring Territory in Asia
Japan’s Imperial Agenda
The Paradoxes of Imperialism
The Industry of Empire
Industrial Innovation
Facing Economic Crisis
Revolution in Business Practices
Imperial Society and Culture
The "Best Circles" and the Expanding Middle Class
Working People’s Strategies
National Fitness: Reform, Sports, and Leisure
Artistic Responses to Empire and Industry
The Birth of Mass Politics
Workers, Politics, and Protest
Expanding Political Participation in Western Europe
Power Politics in Central and Eastern Europe
Mapping the West:
The West and the World, c. 1890 LaunchPad
Chapter 23 Review
Chapter 23 Summative Quiz LaunchPad

23. LaunchPad Features for Chapter 23 LaunchPad
Document 23.1: An African King Describes His Government
Document 23.2: Henrik Ibsen, From A Doll’s House
SEEING HISTORY: Anglo-Indian Polo Team
CONTRASTING VIEWS: Experiences of Migration
TAKING MEASURE: European Emigration, 1870–1890

23. Documents from Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 23
Document 23-1 Defending Conquest: Jules Ferry, Speech before the French National Assembly (1883)
Document 23-2 Resisting Imperialism: Ndansi Kumalo, His Story (1890s)
Document 23-3 Global Competition: Ernest Edwin Williams, Made in Germany (1896)
Document 23-4 The Advance of Unionism: Margaret Bondfield, A Life’s Work (1948)
Document 23-5 Artistic Expression: Edgar Degas, Notebooks (1863–1884)
Quiz for Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 23

24. Modernity and the Road to War, 1890–1914
Guided Reading Exercise
Public Debate over Private Life
Population Pressure
Reforming Marriage
New Women, New Men, and the Politics of Sexual Identity
Sciences of the Modern Self
Modernity and the Revolt in Ideas
The Opposition to Positivism
The Revolution in Science
Modern Art
The Revolt in Music and Dance
Growing Tensions in Mass Politics
The Expanding Power of Labor
Rights for Women and the Battle for Suffrage
Liberalism Tested
Anti-Semitism, Nationalism, and Zionism in Mass Politics
European Imperialism Challenged
The Trials of Empire
The Russian Empire Threatened
Growing Resistance to Colonial Domination
Roads to War
Competing Alliances and Clashing Ambitions
The Race to Arms
1914: War Erupts
Mapping the West:
Europe at the Outbreak of World War I, August 1914 LaunchPad
Chapter 24 Review
Chapter 24 Summative Quiz LaunchPad

25. World War I and Its Aftermath, 1914–1929
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
The Great War, 1914–1918
Blueprints for War
The Battlefronts
The Home Front
Protest, Revolution, and War’s End, 1917–1918
War Protest
Revolution in Russia
Ending the War, 1918
The Search for Peace in an Era of Revolution
Europe in Turmoil
The Paris Peace Conference, 1919–1920
Economic and Diplomatic Consequences of the Peace
A Decade of Recovery: Europe in the 1920s
Changes in the Political Landscape
Reconstructing the Economy
Restoring Society
Mass Culture and the Rise of Modern Dictators
Culture for the Masses
Cultural Debates over the Future
The Communist Utopia
Fascism on the March in Italy
Mapping the West:
Europe and the World in 1929 LaunchPad
Chapter 25 Review
Chapter 25 Summative Quiz LaunchPad

25. LaunchPad Features for Chapter 25 LaunchPad
Document 25.1: Outbreak of the Russian Revolution
Document 25.2: Memory and Battlefield Tourism
SEEING HISTORY: Portraying Soldiers in World War I
CONTRASTING VIEWS: The Middle East at the End of World War I: Freedom or Subjugation?
The Victims of Influenza, 1918–1919

25. Documents from Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 25
Document 25-1 The Horrors of War: Fritz Franke and Siegfried Sassoon, Two Soldiers’ Views (1914–1918)
Document 25-2 Mobilizing for Total War: L. Doriat, Women on the Home Front (1917)
Document 25-3 Revolutionary Marxism Defended: Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, The State and Revolution (1917)
Document 25-4 Establishing Fascism in Italy: Benito Mussolini, The Doctrine of Fascism (1932)
Document 25-5 A New Form of Anti-Semitism: Adolf Hitler, Mein Kampf (1925)
Quiz for Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 25

26. The Great Depression and World War II, 1929–1945
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
The Great Depression
Economic Disaster Strikes
Social Effects of the Depression
The Great Depression beyond the West
Totalitarian Triumph
The Rise of Stalinism
Hitler’s Rise to Power
The Nazification of German Politics
Nazi Racism
Democracies on the Defensive
Confronting the Economic Crisis
Cultural Visions in Hard Times
The Road to Global War
A Surge in Global Imperialism
The Spanish Civil War, 1936–1939
Hitler’s Conquest of Central Europe, 1938–1939
World War II, 1939–1945
The German Onslaught
War Expands: The Pacific and Beyond
The War against Civilians
Societies at War
From Resistance to Allied Victory
An Uneasy Postwar Settlement
Mapping the West:
Europe at War’s End, 1945 LaunchPad
Chapter 26 Review
Chapter 26 Summative Quiz LaunchPad

26. LaunchPad Features for Chapter 26 LaunchPad
Document 26.1: A Family Copes with Unemployment
Document 26.2: The Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere
SEEING HISTORY: Militarization of the Masses
CONTRASTING VIEWS: Nazism and Hitler: For and Against
TAKING MEASURE: Wartime Production of the Major Powers, 1939-1945
Terms of History: Fascism

26. Documents from Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 26
Document 26-1 Socialist Nationalism: Joseph Goebbels, Nazi Propaganda Pamphlet (1930)
Document 26-2 The Spanish Civil War: Eyewitness Accounts of the Bombing of Guernica (1937)
Document 26-3 Seeking a Diplomatic Solution: Neville Chamberlain, Speech on the Munich Crisis (1938)
Document 26-4 The Final Solution: Sam Bankhalter and Hinda Kibort, Memories of the Holocaust (1938–1945)
Document 26-5 Atomic Catastrophe: Michihiko Hachiya, Hiroshima Diary (August 7, 1945)
Quiz for Sources of The Making of theWest, Chapter 26

27. The Cold War and the Remaking of Europe, 1945–1960s
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
World Politics Transformed
Chaos in Europe
New Superpowers: The United States and the Soviet Union
Origins of the Cold War
The Division of Germany
Political and Economic Recovery in Europe
Dealing with Nazism
Rebirth of the West
The Welfare State: Common Ground East and West
Recovery in the East
Decolonization in a Cold War Climate
The End of Empire in Asia
The Struggle for Identity in the Middle East
New Nations in Africa
Newcomers Arrive in Europe
Daily Life and Culture in the Shadow of Nuclear War
Restoring "Western" Values
Cold War Consumerism and Shifting Gender Norms
The Culture of Cold War
The Atomic Brink
Mapping the West:
The Cold War World, c. 1960 LaunchPad
Chapter 27 Review
Chapter 27 Summative Quiz LaunchPad

27. LaunchPad Features for Chapter 27 LaunchPad
Document 27.1: The Schuman Plan on European Unity (1950)
Document 27.2: Torture in Algeria
Document 27.3: Popular Culture, Youth Consumerism, and the Birth of the Generation Gap
SEEING HISTORY: The Soviet System and Consumer Goods
CONTRASTING VIEWS: Decolonization in Africa
TAKING MEASURE: Military Spending and the Cold War Arms Race, 1950–1970

27. Documents from Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 27
Document 27-1 Stalin and the Western Threat: The Formation of the Communist Information Bureau (Cominform) (1947)
Document 27-2 Truman and the Soviet Threat: National Security Council, Paper Number 68 (1950)
Document 27-3 Throwing Off Colonialism: Ho Chi Minh, Declaration of Independence of the Republic of Vietnam (1945)
Document 27-4 The Condition of Modern Women: Simone de Beauvoir, The Second Sex (1949)
Document 27-5 Cold War Anxieties: "How You Can Survive Fallout": Life Magazine Cover and Letter from President John F. Kennedy (1961)
Quiz for Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 27

28. Postindustrial Society and the End of the Cold War Order, 1960s–1989
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
The Revolution in Technology
The Information Age: Television and Computers
The Space Age
The Nuclear Age
Revolutions in Biology and Reproductive Technology
Postindustrial Society and Culture
Multinational Corporations
The New Worker
The Boom in Education and Research
Changing Family Life and the Generation Gap
Art, Ideas, and Religion in a Technocratic Society
Protesting Cold War Conditions
Cracks in the Cold War Order
The Growth of Citizen Activism
1968: Year of Crisis
The Testing of Superpower Domination and the End of the Cold War
A Changing Balance of World Power
The Western Bloc Meets Challenges with Reform
Collapse of Communism in the Soviet Bloc
Mapping the West:
The Collapse of Communism in Europe, 1989–1990 LaunchPad
Chapter 28 Review
Chapter 28 Summative Quiz LaunchPad

28. LaunchPad Features for Chapter 28 LaunchPad
Document 28.1: Margaret Thatcher’s Economic Vision
Document 28.2: A Citizen’s Experience of Gorbachev’s Reforms
SEEING HISTORY: Critiquing the Soviet System: Dissident Art in the 1960s and 1970s
TAKING MEASURE: Postindustrial Occupational Structure, 1984

28. Documents from Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 28
Document 28-1 Prague Spring: Josef Smrkovsky´, What Lies Ahead (February 9, 1968)
Document 28-2 A Revolutionary Time: Student Voices of Protest (1968)
Document 28-3 Children Fleeing Napalm Attack in South Vietnam: Nick Ut, Photograph (June 8, 1972)
Document 28-4 The Rising Power of OPEC: U.S. Embassy, Saudi Arabia, Saudi Ban on Oil Shipments to the United States (October 23, 1973)
Document 28-5 Facing Terrorism: Jacques Chirac, New French Antiterrorist Laws (September 14, 1986)
Document 28-6 Debating Change in the Soviet Union: Glasnost and the Soviet Press (1988)
Quiz for Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 28

29: A ew Globalism, 1989 to the Present
Guided Reading Exercise LaunchPad
Collapse of the Soviet Union and Its Aftermath
The Breakup of Yugoslavia
The Soviet Union Comes Apart
Toward a Market Economy
International Politics and the New Russia
The Nation-State in a Global Age
Europe Looks beyond the Nation-State
Globalizing Cities and Fragmenting Nations
Global Organizations
An Interconnected World’s New Challenges
The Problems of Pollution
Population, Health, and Disease
North versus South?
Radical Islam Meets the West
The Promise and Problems of a World Economy
Global Culture and Society in the Twenty-First Century
Redefining the West: The Impact of Global Migration
Global Networks and Social Change
A New Global Culture?
Mapping the West:
The World’s Top Fifteen Economies as of 2015 LaunchPad
Chapter 29 Review
Chapter 29 Summative Quiz LaunchPad

29. LaunchPad Features for Chapter 29 LaunchPad
DOCUMENT 29.1: Václav Havel, "Czechoslovakia Is Returning to Europe"
Document 29.2: The Green Parties Unite Transnationally and Announce Common Goals (2006)
Seeing History: World Leaders Gather after Attack on Charlie Hebdo in Paris
CONTRASTING VIEWS: The Dutch Debate Globalization, Muslim Immigrants, and Turkey’s Admission to the EU
Taking Measure: World Population Growth, 1950–2015
Terms of History: Globalization

29. Documents from Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 29
Document 29-1 Ethnic Cleansing: The Diary of Zlata Filipovic´ (October 6, 1991–June 29, 1992)
Document 29-2 The Challenges of EU Expansion: Paresh Nath, EU Membership Prospect Cartoon (February 23, 2009)
Document 29-3 Addressing Climate Change in the Euro Zone: The European Commission’s Energy Roadmap 2050 (2011)
Document 29-4 An End to Apartheid: The African National Congress, Introductory Statement to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (August 19, 1996)
Document 29-5 China in the Global Age: Chinese Olympic Committee, Announcements on Preparations for the 2008 Summer Olympic Games (2004–2007)
Document 29-6. The Post-9/11 Era: Amartya Sen, A World Not Neatly Divided (November 23, 2001)
Quiz for Sources of The Making of the West, Chapter 29

Glossary of Key Terms and People
About the Authors