(University of Vermont)
(University of Vermont)
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Preface for StudentsPreface for Instructors Thematic ContentsThematic Writing Assignments1. Reading Developing an Effective Reading ProcessStep 1: Prepare Yourself to Read the Selection Step 2: Read the Selection Step 3: Reread the Selection Step 4: Annotate the Selection An Example: Annotating Cherokee Paul McDonald’s “A View from the Bridge” Student Reflection: Julie Dwire on Annotating a ReadingStep 5: Analyze and Evaluate the Selection The Reading Process in Action: Thomas L. Friedman’s “My Favorite Teacher”Student Reflection: Gary Ortiz on Answering Study Questions Reading Photographs and Visual Texts The Reading-Writing Connection Reading as a Writer
2. Writing Developing an Effective Writing Process Step 1: Understand Your Assignment Step 2: Gather Ideas and Formulate a Thesis Step 3: Organize and Write Your First Draft Step 4: Revise Your Essay Step 5: Edit and Proofread Your Essay A Student Essay in ProgressStep 1: Keith’s Assignment Step 2: Keith’s Ideas Step 3: Keith’s First Draft Step 4: Keith’s Revised Essay Step 5: Keith’s Edited Essay Keith Eldred, Secular Mantras (student essay)
3. Writers on Writing*Ricardo Rodriguez-Padilla, Learning to Write Dumb Things Again (student essay)Russell Baker, Discovering the Power of My WordsAnne Lamott, Shitty First DraftsLinda S. Flower, Writing for an AudienceStephen King, Reading to Write
4. NarrationWhat Is Narration?Understanding Narration as a Writing StrategyUsing Narration Across the DisciplinesPractical Advice for Writing an Essay of NarrationAndrew Kauser, Challenging My Fears (student essay)Junot Díaz, The TerrorDavid P. Bardeen, Not Close Enough for Comfort*Toni Morrison, The Work You Do, The Person You Are*James Rebanks, A Shepherd’s Life
5. DescriptionUnderstanding Description as a Writing StrategyUsing Description Across the DisciplinesPractical Advice for Writing an Essay of DescriptionJim Tassé, Trailcheck (student essay)Jeannette Walls, A Woman on the StreetRobert Ramírez, The BarrioMaya Angelou, Sister Flowers*Philip Connors, A Talent for Sloth
6. IllustrationUnderstanding Illustration as a Writing StrategyUsing Illustration Across the DisciplinesPractical Advice for Writing an Essay of IllustrationPaula Kersch, Weight Management: More Than a Matter of Good Looks (student essay)Natalie Goldberg, Be Specific*Jennifer Ackerman, The Genius of Birds Mitch Albom, If You Had One Day with Someone Who’s GoneTim Krieder, The Busy Trap
7. Process AnalysisUnderstanding Process Analysis as a Writing StrategyUsing Process Analysis Across the DisciplinesPractical Advice for Writing an Essay of Process AnalysisWilliam Peterson, Juggling Is Easier Thank You Think (student essay)Mortimer Adler, How to Mark a Book*Cody Cassidy and Paul Doherty, What Would Happen If You Were Attacked by a Great White Shark?*Ashlie Stevens, Why We All Scream When We Get Ice Cream Brain Freeze Alicia Ault, How Do Spiders Make Their Webs?
8. Comparison and ContrastUnderstanding Comparison and Contrast as a Writing StrategyUsing Comparison and Contrast Across the DisciplinesPractical Advice for Writing an Essay of Comparison and ContrastBarbara Bowman, Guns and Cameras (student essay)Suzanne Britt, Neat People vs. Sloppy PeopleBharati Mukherjee, Two Ways to Belong in AmericaAndrew Vachss, The Difference between Sick and Evil*Paulina Porizkova, America Made Me a Feminist
9. Division and ClassificationUnderstanding Division and Classification as a Writing StrategyUsing Division and Classification Across the DisciplinesPractical Advice for Writing an Essay of Division and ClassificationKatie Angeles, The Forgotten Personality Type (student essay)Judith Viorst, The Truth about Lying*Sarah Gilbert, The Different Ways of Being Smart*Richard Lederer, All-American DialectsAmy Tan, Mother Tongue
10 .DefinitionUnderstanding Definition as a Writing StrategyUsing Definition Across the DisciplinesPractical Advice for Writing an Essay of DefinitionSample Student Essay Using Definition as a Writing StrategyHoward Solomon Jr., Best Friends (student essay)Jo Goodwin Parker, What Is Poverty?Deborah M. Roffman, What Does Boys Will Be Boys Really Mean?Ellen Goodman, The Company Man*Mark Peters, Virtue Signaling and Other Inane Platitudes
11. Cause and Effect AnalysisUnderstanding Cause and Effect Analysis as a Writing StrategyUsing Cause and Effect Analysis Across the DisciplinesPractical Advice for Writing an Essay of Cause and Effect AnalysisKevin Cunningham, Gentrification (student essay)Jon Katz, How Boys Become MenMichael Jonas, The Downside of DiversityAnahad O'Connor, Coca-Cola Funds Effort to Alter Obesity Battle*Pamela Paul, Save your Sanity. Downgrade Your Life
12. ArgumentationUnderstanding Argumentation as a Writing StrategyUsing Argumentation Across the DisciplinesPractical Advice for Writing an Essay of ArgumentationMundy Wilson-Piper, The State of My Plate (student essay)Sojourner Truth, Ain’t I a Woman?*Abraham Lincoln, Second Inaugural AddressNancy Armour, Participation Awards Do DisserviceWilliam Galston, Telling Americans to Vote, Or ElseRoger Cohen, The Organic FableNikki Giovanni, Campus Racism 101 Siobhan Crowley, On the Subject of Trigger Warnings*Roger McNamee, I Invested Early in Google and Facebook. Now They Terrify Me.ARGUMENT CLUSTER: Race and Privilege: How to Address A System of Bias? John Metta, I, RacistDerald Wing Sue, Racial Microaggressions in Everyday Life: Is Subtle Bias Harmless?*Shaun King, No, I Won’t Be Writing about Black on Black CrimeARGUMENT CLUSTER: The Changing Nature of Work: What Is the Value of a Career - Now and in the Future?*Caitlin McCormick, The Gingham Apron*Ilana Gershon, The Quitting Economy*Noah Smith, Don’t Assume Robots Will Be Our Future Co-Workers
13. Combining StrategiesWhat Does It Mean to Combine Strategies?Using a Combination of Strategies in Written TextsPractical Advice for Using a Combination of Strategies in an EssayHesterly Goodson, The Ducks on Corrigan’s Pond (student essay)Lars Eighner, On Dumpster Diving *Issa Rae, The Struggle *Linda Holmes, The Sad Beautiful Fact That We’re All Going to Miss Almost Everything
14. Writing with SourcesWhat Does It Mean to Write with Sources? Writing with SourcesLearning to Summarize, Paraphrase, and Quote from Your SourcesAvoiding PlagiarismUsing Quotation Marks for Language Borrowed DirectlyUsing Your Own Words and Word Order When Summarizing and Paraphrasing*Katherine Kachnowski, Skin Cancer Is Not Just for Grandparents: Disspelling Widespread Misconceptions about This Disease (student essay)*Jason G. Goldman, How a Kids’ Cartoon Created a Real-Life Invasive Army*Lisa Wade, American HookupJake Jamieson, The English-Only Movement: Can America Proscribe Language with a Clear Conscience? (MLA model)
15. A Brief Guide to Researching and Documenting EssaysEstablishing a Realistic ScheduleFinding and Using SourcesEvaluating Your SourcesAnalyzing Your SourcesDeveloping a Working Bibliography for your sourcesTaking NotesDocumenting SourcesList of Works Cited
16. Editing for Grammar, Punctuation, and Sentence StyleRun-Ons: Fused Sentences and Comma SplicesSentence FragmentsComma FaultsSubject-Verb AgreementUnclear Pronoun ReferencesPronoun-Antecedent AgreementDangling and Misplaced ModifiersFaulty ParallelismWeak Nouns and VerbsShifts in Verb Tense, Mood, and VoiceWordinessSentence Variety
Glossary of Rhetorical Terms
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