A World of Ideas
Tenth Edition   ©2017

A World of Ideas

Essential Readings for College Writers

Lee A. Jacobus (University of Connecticut)

  • ISBN-10: 1-319-04740-8; ISBN-13: 978-1-319-04740-5; Format: Paper Text

Preface for Instructors

Note to Students




Some Considerations about the Nature of Government

Lao-Tzu, Thoughts from the Tao-te Ching

Aristotle, Democracy and Oligarchy

Niccolò Machiavelli, The Qualities of the Prince

Jean-Jacques Rousseau, The Origin of Civil Society

Thomas Jefferson, The Declaration of Independence

Alexis de Tocqueville, Government by Democracy in America

*Ralph Waldo Emerson, Politics

Hannah Arendt, Total Domination

Benazir Bhutto, Islam and Democracy

Reflections on the Nature of Government


Some Considerations about the Nature of Culture

Mary Wollstonecraft, Of the Pernicious Effects Which Arise from the Unnatural Distinctions Established in Society

*Jacob Riis, The Color Line in New York

Virginia Woolf, Shakespeare’s Sister

Margaret Mead, Sex and Temperament

Martin Luther King, Jr., Letter from Birmingham Jail

*John Rawls, A Theory of Justice

Neil Postman, The Word Weavers/The World Makers

Judith Butler, from Undoing Gender

Reflections on the Nature of Culture


Some Considerations about the Nature of Wealth

Adam Smith, Of the Natural Progress of Opulence

Karl Marx, The Communist Manifesto

Andrew Carnegie, The Gospel of Wealth

*John Maynard Keynes, The End of Laissez-Faire

Milton and Rose Friedman, Created Equal

*F. A. Hayek, Economic Control and Totalitarianism

Robert Reich, Why the Rich Are Getting Richer and the Poor Poorer

*Francis Fukuyama, The Middle Class and Democracy’s Future

Reflections on the Nature of Wealth


Some Considerations about the Nature of Mind

*Friedrich Nietzsche, Apollonianism and Dionysianism

Sigmund Freud, The Oedipus Complex

Carl Jung, The Personal and Collective Unconscious

Karen Horney, The Distrust between the Sexes

*Gilbert Ryle, The Ghost in the Machine

*Robert Nozick, Emotions

*Eric Kandel, The Problem of Consciousness

*Howard Gardner, Multiple Intelligences

Reflections on the Nature of Mind


Some Considerations about the Nature of Science

Plato, The Allegory of the Cave

Francis Bacon, The Four Idols

Charles Darwin, Natural Selection

*Richard Feynman, The Value of Science

*Edward O. Wilson, What Is Science?

*Michio Kaku, The Theory of the Universe?

*Philip Kitcher, Inescapable Eugenics

*Lisa Randall, Newtonian Gravity and Special Relativity

Reflections on the Nature of Science


Some Considerations about the Nature of Ethics

Aristotle, The Aim of Man

*Hsun Tzu, Man’s Nature is Evil

Henry David Thoreau, Civil Disobedience

Frederick Douglass, From the Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave

Iris Murdoch, Morality and Religion

Michael Gazzaniga, Toward a Universal Ethics

*Carol Gilligan, Concepts of Self and Morality

Kwame Anthony Appiah, The Case against Character

Reflections on the Nature of Ethics

* = New to this edition