Chicago Style: History
Professors in history and some humanities courses often require footnotes or endnotes based on The Chicago Manual of Style, 14th ed. (Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1993). When you use Chicago-style notes, you will usually be asked to include a bibliography at the end of your paper.
Although The Chicago Manual of Style does not include guidelines for documenting online sources, the University of Chicago Press recommends following the system developed by Andrew Harnack and Eugene Kleppinger in Online! A Reference Guide to Using Internet Sources, 1998 ed. (New York: St. Martin's, 1998). The examples of online sources given in this section are based on Harnack and Kleppinger's guidelines.
Chicago-style footnotes or endnotes
Notes provide complete publication information either at the bottom of the page (footnotes) or at the end of the paper (endnotes). A raised arabic numeral in the text indicates that a quotation, summary, or paraphrase has been borrowed from a source; to find the publication information for that source, readers consult the footnote or endnote with the corresponding number.
Individual notes are single-spaced, and the first line is indented one-half inch (or five spaces); double-spacing separates entries. Notes are numbered consecutively throughout the paper.
Governor John Andrew was not allowed to recruit
black soldiers out of state. "Ostensibly," writes
Peter Burchard, "no recruiting was done outside
Massachusetts, but it was an open secret that
Andrew's agents were working far and wide."1
1. Peter Burchard, One Gallant Rush: Robert
Gould Shaw and His Brave Black Regiment. (New York:
St. Martin's Press, 1965), 85.
4. Burchard, "Civil War," 10.
Copyright © 1998, 1999, Bedford/St. Martin's