Chapter 8

Reconstructing America: 1865–1913

Jourdon Anderson, To My Old Master

Winslow Homer, The Veteran in a New Field (painting)

Emily Dickinson

Frank Leslie’s Illustrated Newspaper, Does Not Such a Meeting Make Amends? (cartoon)

Red Cloud, Speech on Indian Rights

Thomas Nast, Worse than Slavery (cartoon)

Mark Twain, from Life on the Mississippi

Sarah Orne Jewett, A White Heron

Albert Bierstadt, The Last of the Buffalo (painting)

Andrew Carnegie, from The Gospel of Wealth

Jacob Riis, The Mixed Crowd

Ambrose Bierce, An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge

Ida B. Wells-Barnett, from Southern Horrors: Lynch Law in All Its Phases

Kate Chopin, The Story of an Hour

Booker T. Washington, The Atlanta Exposition Address

Paul Laurence Dunbar, We Wear the Mask

Robert Hayden, Frederick Douglass

Stephen Crane, The Open Boat

E. A. Robinson, Richard Cory

Theodore Roosevelt, The Strenuous Life

Jane Addams, from The Subtle Problem of Charity

Katharine Lee Bates, America the Beautiful

Zitkala-Ša, from The School Days of an Indian Girl

James Weldon Johnson, Lift Ev’ry Voice and Sing

W. E. B. DuBois, The Talented Tenth

Willa Cather, The Sculptor’s Funeral

Upton Sinclair, from The Jungle

Conversation | The Changing Roles of Women

Conversation | Immigration: The Lure of America

Conversation | The American Cowboy