Chapter 30
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This outline reflects the major headings and subheadings in this chapter of your textbook. Use it to take notes as you read each section of the chapter. In your notes, try to restate the main idea of each section.

CHAPTER 30: Life in an Age of Globalization, 1990 to the Present
I. Reshaping Russia and the Former East Bloc
  A. Economic Shock Therapy in Russia
    1. Shock Therapy 
    2. Disastrous Results
    3. Reasons for the Failure
  B. Russian Revival Under Vladimir Putin
    1. “Managed Democracy”
    2. Foreign Policy
    3. Chechnya and Georgia
    4. Putin’s Re-Election
  C. Coping with Change in the Former East Bloc
    1. Success Stories
    2. The Laggards
    3. Ostalgie
    4. Dealing with the Past
  D. Tragedy in Yugoslavia
    1. Slobodan Milošević
    2. The Civil War
    3. Ethnic Cleansing
    4. Kosovo
    5. The Aftermath

II. The New Global System
  A. The Global Economy
    1. International Trade
    2. Global Contagion
  B. The New European Union
    1. European Union
    2. Maastricht Treaty
    3. Opposition
    4. Expansion
  C. Supranational Organizations
    1. The United Nations
    2. Other Nonprofit International Organizations
    3. Nongovernmental Organizations
  D. The Human Side of Globalization
    1. Global Production
    2. Changing Work in Western Europe
    3. Winners and Losers
    4. Global Protest
  E. Life in the Digital Age
    1. Leisure
    2. Communication
    3. The Internet and Social Media

III. Toward a Multicultural Continent
  A. The Prospect of Population Decline
    1. Low Fertility Rates
    2. Potential Consequences
    3. Explanations
  B. Changing Immigration Flows
    1. Western Europe
    2. Refugees
    3. Illegal Immigration
  C. Ethnic Diversity in Contemporary Europe
    1. Immigrants
    2. Multiculturalism
    3. Controversies
  D. Europe and Its Muslim Citizens
    1. Muslim Minorities
    2. Islamic Extremism
    3. The Problem of Integration

IV. Confronting Twenty-First-Century Challenges
  A. Growing Strains in U.S.-European Relations
    1. Reasons for the Strains
    2. Problems in NATO
    3. War on Terror
    4. The Iraq War
  B. Turmoil in the Muslim World
    1. Muslim Brotherhood
    2. “Blowback”
    3. Arab Spring
  C. The Global Recession and the Viability of the Eurozone
    1. 2008 Recession
    2. Bailouts
    3. Anti-E.U. Sentiment
  D. Dependence on Fossil Fuels
    1. Limited Energy Resources
    2. “Resource Wars”
    3. Russia’s Energy Policy
  E. Climate Change and Environmental Degradation
    1. Climate Change
    2. Environmental Degradation
    3. Challenges
  F. Promoting Human Rights
    1. Limits on State Sovereignty
    2. Promoting Individual Rights
    3. Helping Developing Nations
    4. Criticisms