APA Style: The Social Sciences
In most social sciences classes, such as psychology, sociology, anthropology, and business, you will be asked to use the APA style of in-text citations and references. The guidelines in this section are consistent with the Publication Manual for the American Psychological Association, 4th ed. (Washington: APA, 1994) and Xia Li and Nancy Crane's October 1997 version of Electronic Sources: APA Style of Citation, <http://www.uvm.edu/~ncrane/estyles/
apa.html>. Although Li and Crane's most recent guidelines do not appear in the APA Publication Manual, APA has endorsed their system as set forth in Electronic Style: A Guide to Citing Electronic Information (Westport: Meckler, 1993).
APA in-text citations
The American Psychological Association recommends an author/date style of in-text citations. These citations refer readers to a list of references at the end of the paper.
APA in-text citations provide at least the author's last name and the date of publication. For direct quotations, a page number is given as well.
To cite a Web document, use the author's name, corporate author, or the first word or two in the title, just as you would for print documents. If you are referring to an entire Web site rather than to a specific document found on a site, simply give the address of the site (URL) in parentheses.
found at the American Civil Liberties Union Web
Directory to APA in-text citations (pick one to see its explanation)
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