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# Calculus: Early Transcendentals

## Fourth Edition| ©2019 Jon Rogawski; Colin Adams; Robert Franzosa

The authors goal for the book is that its clearly written, could be read by a calculus student and would motivate them to engage in the material and learn more. Moreover, to create a text in which exposition, graphics, and layout would work together to enhance all facets of a student’s calculus e...

The authors goal for the book is that its clearly written, could be read by a calculus student and would motivate them to engage in the material and learn more. Moreover, to create a text in which exposition, graphics, and layout would work together to enhance all facets of a student’s calculus experience. They paid special attention to certain aspects of the text:

1. Clear, accessible exposition that anticipates and addresses student difficulties.

2. Layout and figures that communicate the flow of ideas.

3. Highlighted features that emphasize concepts and mathematical reasoning including Conceptual Insight, Graphical Insight, Assumptions Matter, Reminder, and Historical Perspective.

4. A rich collection of examples and exercises of graduated difficulty that teach basic skills as well as problem-solving techniques, reinforce conceptual understanding, and motivate calculus through interesting applications. Each section also contains exercises that develop additional insights and challenge students to further develop their skills.

**Achieve for Calculus** redefines homework by offering guidance for every student and support for every instructor. Homework is designed to teach by correcting students misconceptions through targeted feedback, meaningful hints, and full solutions, helping teach students conceptual understanding and critical thinking in real-world contexts.

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Take notes, add highlights, and download our mobile-friendly e-books.

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The authors goal for the book is that its clearly written, could be read by a calculus student and would motivate them to engage in the material and learn more. Moreover, to create a text in which exposition, graphics, and layout would work together to enhance all facets of a student’s calculus experience. They paid special attention to certain aspects of the text:

1. Clear, accessible exposition that anticipates and addresses student difficulties.

2. Layout and figures that communicate the flow of ideas.

3. Highlighted features that emphasize concepts and mathematical reasoning including Conceptual Insight, Graphical Insight, Assumptions Matter, Reminder, and Historical Perspective.

4. A rich collection of examples and exercises of graduated difficulty that teach basic skills as well as problem-solving techniques, reinforce conceptual understanding, and motivate calculus through interesting applications. Each section also contains exercises that develop additional insights and challenge students to further develop their skills.

**Achieve for Calculus** redefines homework by offering guidance for every student and support for every instructor. Homework is designed to teach by correcting students misconceptions through targeted feedback, meaningful hints, and full solutions, helping teach students conceptual understanding and critical thinking in real-world contexts.

Features

**SUPPORTED IN ACHIEVE**

**Achieve** is the culmination of years of development work put toward creating the most powerful online learning tool for calculus students. It houses all of our renowned assessments, multimedia assets, e-books, and instructor resources in a powerful new platform.

**Achieve** supports educators and students throughout the full range of instruction, including assets suitable for pre-class preparation, in-class active learning, and post-class study and assessment. The pairing of a powerful new platform with outstanding calculus content provides an unrivalled learning experience.

Highlights include:

- A design guided by learning science research. Co-designed through extensive collaboration and testing by both students and faculty including two levels of Institutional Review Board approval for every study of Achieve. Iterative improvement and updates are continuous and frequent based on user feedback.
- A learning path of powerful content including pre-class, in-class, and post-class activities and assessments.
- A detailed gradebook with insights for just-in-time teaching and reporting on student achievement by learning objective.
- Easy integration and gradebook sync with iClicker classroom engagement solutions.
- Simple integration with your campus LMS and availability through Inclusive Access programs.

**Features of this Edition Include:**

**Conceptual Insights** encourage students to develop a conceptual understanding of calculus by explaining important ideas clearly but informally.

**Graphical Insights** enhance students’ visual understanding by making the crucial connections between graphical properties and the underlying concepts.

**Reminders** are margin notes that link the current discussion to important concepts introduced earlier in the text to give students a quick review and make connections with related ideas.

**Caution** notes warn students of common pitfalls they may encounter in understanding the material. Examples work through problems to instruct students on concepts. They contain full, stepped-out solutions for each part.

**Historical Perspectives** are brief vignettes that place key discoveries and conceptual advances in their historical context. They give students a glimpse into some of the accomplishments of great mathematicians and an appreciation for their significance.

**Assumptions Matter** uses short explanations and well-chosen counterexamples to help students appreciate why hypotheses are needed in theorems.

**Section Summaries** summarize a section’s key points in a concise and useful way and emphasize for students what is most important in each section.

**Section Exercise Sets** offer a comprehensive set of exercises closely coordinated with the text. These exercises vary in difficulty from routine, to moderate, to more challenging.

**Chapter Review Exercises** offer a comprehensive set of exercises closely coordinated with the chapter material to provide additional problems for self-study or assignments.

New to This Edition

**ACHIEVE FOR CALCULUS**

**Achieve** focuses on engaging students through pre-class and post-class assessment, interactive activities, and a full e-book. Achieve is a complete learning environment with easy course setup, gradebook, and LMS integration.

**Homework**: Achieves proprietary grading algorithm combines our homegrown parser and the computer algebra system, SymPy, to accept every valid equivalent answer and to trigger warnings for answers entered in an incorrect format. Detailed, error-specific feedback, and fully worked solutions provide in-question guidance for students as they solve. Homework is easy to format for students by using our intuitive Math Palette, and it is easy to edit for instructors using Macmillans built-in question editor.**Guided Learn and Practice**assignments include interactive content, videos, and instructional feedback to prepare students before they come to class.**CalcClips**tutorial videos are integrated throughout the e-book and available in pre-built Guided Learn & Practice assignments meant for formative exercise exploration.**Dynamic Figures**, powered by Desmos, take students experience further with conceptual and computational questions about the interactive Dynamic Figures. These book-specific figures are embedded directly in the e-book and included with assessment in pre-built Guided Learn & Practice assignments.**LearningCurve adaptive quizzing**offers individualized question sets and feedback for each student based on his or her correct and incorrect responses.

**New in Achieve for 2023:**

- Over 100 Desmos-powered Graded Graph exercises, which allow students to manipulate points and functions on an autograded graph, are available in the question bank.
- Video feedback, embedded within the feedback tab of homework exercises, is available for 250 of the most frequently assigned questions, providing brief step-by-step tutorial videos to guide students toward the correct answer.
- A new video index is available in the Resources tab, linking to correlated videos from the popular Patrick JMT YouTube channel.
- New question types inspired by generative AI tools encourage students to identify the error and think conceptually to recognize the mistaken step. These 100+ new exercises, marked with "(ITE)" in the question bank, provide an opportunity to show mastery of the entire problem, instead of simply finding the final correct answer.
- Chapter-level adaptive quizzes are now available as an end of chapter study tool, in addition to existing section-level adaptive quizzes.

For more information on Achieve platform updates, visit the **Achieve Whats New** page here:

https://www.macmillanlearning.com/college/us/digital/achieve/whats-new

**General themes of the revision include the following (a detailed list of changes available)**:

- Rewrite portions to increase readability without reducing the level of mathematical rigor. This includes increasing clarity, improving organization, and building consistency.
- Add applications, particularly in life science and earth science to broaden the scientific fields represented in the book. In particular, there are a number of new examples and exercises in climate science, an area that is currently drawing a lot of interest in the scientific community.
- Add conceptual and graphical insights to assist student understanding in places where pitfalls and confusion often occurs.
- Add diversity to the Historical Perspectives and historical marginal pieces.
- Maintain threads throughout the book by previewing topics that come up later and revisiting topics that have been presented before.
- Expand the perspective on curve sketching--beyond just sketching a curve using calculus tools--to include analyzing given curves using calculus tools. (This is an addition of some elements of the “reform” perspective on calculus instruction.)
- “Tighten” the presentation of the mathematics in the text, improving rigor (without increasing the overall level of formality). This includes correcting previous errors and omissions.

"The clarity of examples, as well as their interconnectedness, remains a strong point. This fact alone goes a long way toward helping students better learn the concepts."

--Erik Tou, instructor,Carthage College

“It strikes the right balance between readability for the student and rigor for the instructor.”

--Debra Carney, instructor,Colorado School of Mines"It is refreshing to see that even in the chapter on limits, there are application problems from a variety of disciplines, including engineering, physics and biology. The applications feel realistic and relevant as opposed to constructed and stilted."

--Maria Siopsis, instructor,Maryville College"The strenghts are in the Conceptual and Graphical Insights. These are the kinds of comments that can make things click and fall into place for the students."

--Berit Givens, instructor,California State Polytechnic University, Pomona

"The notation is a strong point of this book. It is used consistently and the authors do not shy away from using math instead of excess prose. Those two features alone put these chapters well ahead of my present text."

--Jonathan Pearsall, instructor,College of Southern Nevada

"Its an invitation to learn calculus the right way."

--Nadjib Bouzar, instructor,University of Indianapolis

**
Calculus: Early Transcendentals**

Fourth Edition| ©2019

Jon Rogawski; Colin Adams; Robert Franzosa

# Digital Options

## Achieve

Achieve is a comprehensive set of interconnected teaching and assessment tools that incorporate the most effective elements from Macmillan Learning's market leading solutions in a single, easy-to-use platform.

## E-book

Read online (or offline) with all the highlighting and notetaking tools you need to be successful in this course.

**Calculus: Early Transcendentals**

Fourth Edition| 2019

Jon Rogawski; Colin Adams; Robert Franzosa

## Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Precalculus Review

1.1 Real Numbers, Functions, and Graphs

1.2 Linear and Quadratic Functions

1.3 The Basic Classes of Functions

1.4 Trigonometric Functions

1.5 Inverse Functions

1.6 Exponential and Logarithmic Functions

1.7 Technology: Calculators and Computers

Chapter Review Exercises Chapter 2: Limits

2.1 The Limit Idea: Instantaneous Velocity and Tangent Lines

2.2 Investigating Limits

2.3 Basic Limit Laws

2.4 Limits and Continuity

2.5 Indeterminate Forms

2.6 The Squeeze Theorem and Trigonometric Limits

2.7 Limits at Infinity

2.8 The Intermediate Value Theorem

2.9 The Formal Definition of a Limit

Chapter Review Exercises Chapter 3: Differentiation

3.1 Definition of the Derivative

3.2 The Derivative as a Function

3.3 Product and Quotient Rules

3.4 Rates of Change

3.5 Higher Derivatives

3.6 Trigonometric Functions

3.7 The Chain Rule

3.8 Implicit Differentiation

3.9 Derivatives of General Exponential and Logarithmic Functions

3.10 Related Rates

Chapter Review Exercises Chapter 4: Applications of the Derivative

4.1 Linear Approximation and Applications

4.2 Extreme Values

4.3 The Mean Value Theorem and Monotonicity

4.4 The Second Derivative and Concavity

4.5 L’Hôpital’s Rule

4.6 Analyzing and Sketching Graphs of Functions

4.7 Applied Optimization

4.8 Newton’s Method

Chapter Review Exercises Chapter 5: Integration

5.1 Approximating and Computing Area

5.2 The Definite Integral

5.3 The Indefinite Integral

5.4 The Fundamental Theorem of Calculus, Part I

5.5 The Fundamental Theorem of Calculus, Part II

5.6 Net Change as the Integral of a Rate of Change

5.7 The Substitution Method

5.8 Further Integral Formulas

Chapter Review Exercises Chapter 6: Applications of the Integral

6.1 Area Between Two Curves

6.2 Setting Up Integrals: Volume, Density, Average Value

6.3 Volumes of Revolution: Disks and Washers

6.4 Volumes of Revolution: Cylindrical Shells

6.5 Work and Energy

Chapter Review Exercises Chapter 7: Techniques of Integration

7.1 Integration by Parts

7.2 Trigonometric Integrals

7.3 Trigonometric Substitution

7.4 Integrals Involving Hyperbolic and Inverse Hyperbolic Functions

7.5 The Method of Partial Fractions

7.6 Strategies for Integration

7.7 Improper Integrals

7.8 Numerical Integration

Chapter Review Exercises Chapter 8: Further Applications of the Integral

8.1 Probability and Integration

8.2 Arc Length and Surface Area

8.3 Fluid Pressure and Force

8.4 Center of Mass

Chapter Review Exercises Chapter 9: Introduction to Differential Equations

9.1 Solving Differential Equations

9.2 Models Involving y=k(y-b)

9.3 Graphical and Numerical Methods

9.4 The Logistic Equation

9.5 First-Order Linear Equations

Chapter Review Exercises Chapter 10: Infinite Series

10.1 Sequences

10.2 Summing an Infinite Series

10.3 Convergence of Series with Positive Terms

10.4 Absolute and Conditional Convergence

10.5 The Ratio and Root Tests and Strategies for Choosing Tests

10.6 Power Series

10.7 Taylor Polynomials

10.8 Taylor Series

Chapter Review Exercises Chapter 11: Parametric Equations, Polar Coordinates, and Conic Sections

11.1 Parametric Equations

11.2 Arc Length and Speed

11.3 Polar Coordinates

11.4 Area and Arc Length in Polar Coordinates

11.5 Conic Sections

Chapter Review Exercises Chapter 12: Vector Geometry

12.1 Vectors in the Plane

12.2 Three-Dimensional Space: Surfaces, Vectors, and Curves

12.3 Dot Product and the Angle Between Two Vectors

12.4 The Cross Product

12.5 Planes in 3-Space

12.6 A Survey of Quadric Surfaces

12.7 Cylindrical and Spherical Coordinates

Chapter Review Exercises Chapter 13: Calculus of Vector-Valued Functions

13.1 Vector-Valued Functions

13.2 Calculus of Vector-Valued Functions

13.3 Arc Length and Speed

13.4 Curvature

13.5 Motion in 3-Space

13.6 Planetary Motion According to Kepler and Newton

Chapter Review Exercises Chapter 14: Differentiation in Several Variables

14.1 Functions of Two or More Variables

14.2 Limits and Continuity in Several Variables

14.3 Partial Derivatives

14.4 Differentiability, Tangent Planes, and Linear Approximation

14.5 The Gradient and Directional Derivatives

14.6 The Chain Rule

14.7 Optimization in Several Variables

14.8 Lagrange Multipliers: Optimizing with a Constraint

Chapter Review Exercises Chapter 15: Multiple Integration

15.1 Integration in Two Variables

15.2 Double Integrals Over More General Regions

15.3 Triple Integrals

15.4 Integration in Polar, Cylindrical, and Spherical Coordinates

15.5 Applications of Multiple Integrals

15.6 Change of Variables

Chapter Review Exercises Chapter 16: Line and Surface Integrals

16.1 Vector Fields

16.2 Line Integrals

16.3 Conservative Vector Fields

16.4 Parametrized Surfaces and Surface Integrals

16.5 Surface Integrals of Vector Fields

Chapter Review Exercises Chapter 17: Fundamental Theorems of Vector Analysis

17.1 Green’s Theorem

17.2 Stokes’ Theorem

17.3 Divergence Theorem

Chapter Review Exercises

**Calculus: Early Transcendentals**

Fourth Edition| 2019

Jon Rogawski; Colin Adams; Robert Franzosa

## Authors

### Jon Rogawski

**Jon Rogawski** received his undergraduate and master’s degrees in mathematics simultaneously from Yale University, and he earned his PhD in mathematics from Princeton University, where he studied under Robert Langlands. Before joining the Department of Mathematics at UCLA in 1986, where he was a full professor, he held teaching and visiting positions at the Institute for Advanced Study, the University of Bonn, and the University of Paris at Jussieu and Orsay.
Jon’s areas of interest were number theory, automorphic forms, and harmonic analysis on semisimple groups. He published numerous research articles in leading mathematics journals, including the research monograph Automorphic Representations of Unitary Groups in Three Variables (Princeton University Press). He was the recipient of a Sloan Fellowship and an editor of the Pacific Journal of Mathematics and the Transactions of the AMS.
As a successful teacher for more than 30 years, Jon Rogawski listened and learned much from his own students. These valuable lessons made an impact on his thinking, his writing, and his shaping of a calculus text. Sadly, Jon Rogawski passed away in September 2011. Jon’s commitment to presenting the beauty of calculus and the important role it plays in students’ understanding of the wider world is the legacy that lives on in each new edition of Calculus.

### Colin Adams

**Colin Adams ** is the Thomas T. Read professor of Mathematics at Williams College, where he has taught since 1985. Colin received his undergraduate degree from MIT and his PhD from the University of Wisconsin. His research is in the area of knot theory and low-dimensional topology. He has held various grants to support his research, and written numerous research articles.
Colin is the author or co-author of The Knot Book, How to Ace Calculus: The Streetwise Guide, How to Ace the Rest of Calculus: The Streetwise Guide, Riot at the Calc Exam and Other Mathematically Bent Stories, Why Knot?, Introduction to Topology: Pure and Applied, and Zombies & Calculus. He co-wrote and appears in the videos “The Great Pi vs. E Debate” and “Derivative vs. Integral: the Final Smackdown.”
He is a recipient of the Haimo National Distinguished Teaching Award from the Mathematical Association of America (MAA) in 1998, an MAA Polya Lecturer for 1998-2000, a Sigma Xi Distinguished Lecturer for 2000-2002, and the recipient of the Robert Foster Cherry Teaching Award in 2003. Colin has two children and one slightly crazy dog, who is great at providing the entertainment.

### Robert Franzosa

**Robert (Bob) Franzosa** is a professor of mathematics at the University of Maine where he has been on the faculty since 1983. Bob received a BS in mathematics from MIT in 1977 and a Ph.D. in mathematics from the University of Wisconsin in 1984. His research has been in dynamical systems and in applications of topology in geographic information systems. He has been involved in mathematics education outreach in the state of Maine for most of his career.
Bob is a co-author of Introduction to Topology: Pure and Applied and Algebraic Models in Our World. He was awarded the University of Maine’s Presidential Outstanding Teaching award in 2003. Bob is married, has two children, three step-children, and one recently-arrived grandson.

**Calculus: Early Transcendentals**

Fourth Edition| 2019

Jon Rogawski; Colin Adams; Robert Franzosa

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**Calculus: Early Transcendentals**

Fourth Edition| 2019

Jon Rogawski; Colin Adams; Robert Franzosa

## Related Titles

### Calculus: Early Transcendentals Multivariable

Jon Rogawski; Colin Adams; Robert Franzosa | Fourth Edition | 2019 | ISBN:9781319055929### Calculus: Early Transcendentals Single Variable

Jon Rogawski; Colin Adams; Robert Franzosa | Fourth Edition | 2019 | ISBN:9781319055936**Calculus: Early Transcendentals**

Fourth Edition| 2019

Jon Rogawski; Colin Adams; Robert Franzosa

## Videos

Colin Adams' Calculus 3e Co-authorship Video

Colin Adams discusses how he became involved with co-authoring Calculus 3e.

Colin Adams' knot theory Video

Colin Adams describes how he began working on Knot Theory.

Colin Adams' Various Calculus Books Video

Colin Adams describes his supplemental texts and new novel, Zombies & Calculus.

Minimizing Memorization Video

Colin Adams discusses his focus on concepts and minimizing memorization in Calculus 3e.

Notation Video

Colin Adams explains important updates to the notation in Calculus 3e.

Transitioning to Homework Video

Colin Adams describes how Calculus 3e helps students transition from class to homework.

Understanding Formulas Video

Colin Adams talks about how the new edition helps students understand formulas.

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